20.09.2022
Queen lying in state queue tracker: Mourners directed to California due to location code error

Mourners hoping to see the Queen’s coffin at Westminster Hall stumbled into a problem finding the back of the line – after a technical glitch by the government’s official queue tracker directed them to cities in America.

Thousands of people from across the globe have been undertaking the pilgrimage to London to pay their respects to the late monarch.

Those wishing to see Her Majesty lying in state face mammoth queues through the heart of the capital, with fears it could stretch up to 10-miles over the weekend with waits of up to 30 hours being predicted.

But on Wednesday evening, civil servants from DCMS admitted that human error was to blame for the live queue tracker promoting inaccurate locations for the line.

The DCMS had been relying heavily on location service What3Words.com, which uses geographic coordinates to pinpoint an exact location correct to three square metres.

Promoted heavily by the DCMS on the government department’s social media feeds, the code was updated every few minutes to show the new end point of the line – which is currently more than three miles long.

But out of the first five codes published, four led to the wrong place entirely – with one directing people more almost 5,320 miles away to the city of Fresno, in California. Others sent people to Charlotte, in North Carolina, or to a town near Leeds.

Sources at DCMS said the errors were caused by civil servants manually typing out the codes, the Telegraph reported. A new automated has since been introduced, with DCMS starting a new live-stream on YouTube showing the queue.

‘We want to help as many people as possible pay their respects to Her Majesty the Queen and are keeping thousands of mourners updated on the lying in state queue location through innovative means, including a specially designed live online tracker,’ a DCMS spokesman told MailOnline.

‘There was an issue with the locations being shared using what3words because of a minor error. Within a few minutes of being notified, we fixed the glitch and the system is now functioning correctly.’

Thousands of people are expected to cram into London over the weekend to join the queue to see Her Majesty, before Monday’s 6.30am cut-off.

The route of the line finishes at Victoria Tower Gardens, where ‘airport-style’ security checks are carried out.

Some 779 professional stewards have been hired to help marshal visitors, supported by 100 civil servant volunteers, 40 scouts and 30 members of the first aid nursing yeomanry.

Also supporting the mammoth logistical effort will be six Samaritans and a number of Salvation Army volunteers, who will be handing out tea and biscuits at Waterloo.

About 1,500 military personnel will be dotted around London to help with crowd control, with more than 10,000 police also drafted in to oversee security of Her Majesty’s funeral = which could be watched by more than 4.1 billion people globally.

Some 600 members of St John Ambulance will be on duty across London and Windsor to deal with medical emergencies.

Mourners will have access to 500 portaloos along the route of the queue and eight St Johns Ambulance first aid stations.

How long will it REALLY take me to see the Queen lying in state? Will I be turned away if the queue gets too big?

By JACOB THORBURN For MailOnline

Details on how the public can see the Queen’s lying-in-state period in London have been revealed, with people warned to expect long queues and be prepared to stand for ‘many hours’ through the night.

In the capital, mourners are now able to file solemnly past the coffin at Westminster Hall for 24 hours a day until 6.30am on the day of the funeral – Monday September 19 – with long queues of up to 30 hours expected.

The Government has stressed that the queue will continuously move – with little chance to rest or sit down – and has urged people to ‘dress appropriately’. Clothes ‘with political or offensive slogans’ have been banned.

Queue-jumpers and anyone drunk will be taken out of the queue by stewards and police patrolling the lines. Visitors will also face airport-style security checks, with tight restrictions on what can be taken in.

MailOnline reveals what you need to know if you’d like to see the sovereign’s coffin over the following week:

Hundreds of thousands of people are have opted to stand in line along the Thames overnight as ministers have warned their long wait could last 30 hours or more.

In a line that stretched for nearly three miles, well-wishers made their way along the bank of London’s River Thames, as hymns played across the Southbank, with many joining in song.

After the queue opened at 5pm yesterday it was already stretching some 2.5 miles, meaning a wait of around 12 hours. Downing Street yesterday said the planned route of almost seven miles will be extended by installing three miles of airport-style zigzag lines in parks at the beginning and end.

By Thursday morning, it was approximately 2.8 miles long, and had not stretched beyond 3 miles since Tuesday, the day before the lying-in-state officially opened. The queue to view the coffin has since extended overnight, now stretching back to HMS Belfast – which is just over three miles from the Queen’s final resting place in Westminster Hall.

The line itself was said to be moving at around 0.5 miles per hour, although mourners at the front of the queue told MailOnline they had waited around 4 hours this morning.

The total distance the queue can extend is 6.9 miles, but an additional three miles of ‘queue infrastructure’ has been installed in the parks at the beginning and end, taking the total distance to almost ten miles.

Yes, as officials expect a maximum of 330,000 people will file past Her Majesty’s coffin over the next four days. With up to one million mourners expected in the capital, some are likely to, unfortunately, be forced to miss out.

Culture Secretary Michelle Donelan has warned that queue times could hit 30 hours, meaning the line could be closed to all newcomers by the early hours of Sunday, or even late on Saturday night.

The Government’s official guidance previously said: ‘The queue is expected to be very long. You will need to stand for many hours, possibly overnight, with very little opportunity to sit down, as the queue will keep moving.’

It also noted that the queue ‘may close early to ensure as many visitors as possible can enter the Palace’.

As large crowds are expected, there are likely to be road closures and several delays on public transport.

Yes, the Department for Media, Culture and Sport has set up a helpful livestream allowing visitors hoping to catch a glimpse of the Queen’s coffin to see exactly where they need to head to.

A geolocating website, what3words.com, is also being used with the DMCS updating the keywords whenever the queue’s location changes. Simply head to their website and type in the three words the department has shared to find the exact location of the queue.

Some technical difficulties have already been experienced, however, as on Thursday morning the original YouTube stream was taken offline.

More details on where to join the back of the queue can be found by accessing the livestream on the Government’s official tracking channel: www.youtube.com/user/dcms

Security checks will be taking place throughout the line, and visitors will be going through airport-style security with numerous restrictions on permitted items.

Members of the public who are in the queue are asked to remain vigilant to security threats and report these to security staff or the police as soon as possible. Officers may conduct security searches along parts of the queue.

Mourners hoping to pay their respects will be also issued with a numbered wristband to ensure entry to Westminster Hall.

This wristband will allow people to briefly step out of the queue to use a nearby toilet or grab some refreshments, then return to their place in the queue – which is being marshalled by legions of stewards.

People will be able to file past the Queen’s catafalque, which is the framework around the coffin. Her oak coffin has been draped in the rich colours of the Royal Standard, with the dazzling Imperial State Crown lying atop alongside the Orb and Sceptre.

As you enter, make note of the historic Sovereign’s Entrance and the Royal Staircase – both used by Her Majesty when she arrived for State Openings of Parliament with a gateway wide enough to allow the Royal Coach to be driven through it.

The sovereign’s catafalque will be protected by ceremonial guards throughout the period of lying-in-state. These units include the Gentlemen at Arms and the Yeomen of the Guard.

Their 24-hour watch will be broken down into four six-hour shifts, with guards rotating around the vigil every 20 minutes.

Last night, onlookers were aghast when a guard began swaying on his feet moments before he collapsed.

The man had moments earlier briefly stepped off the podium before retaking his place as other servicemen joined him for a changeover.

But seconds later he blacked out and fell forwards, landing sprawled on the stone floor to loud gasps from bystanders queueing to pay their respects.

All photography and video recording is banned inside Westminster Hall.

Mobile devices will be required to be on silent mode as mourners pass the Queen’s coffin.

Her Majesty The Queen’s Lying-in-State at the Palace of Westminster opened to the public at 5pm on Wednesday 14 September.

Mourners will be able to pay their respects to the late monarch’s coffin for 24 hours a day at Westminster Hall, with queues along Lambeth Bridge and Albert Embankment continuing to grow throughout the night.

Westminster Hall will be open 24 hours a day until it closes at 6.30am on the bank holiday on Monday. The queue may close early to ensure as many visitors in the queue as possible can enter the Palace before the lying-in-state period comes to an end.

Yes. Step-free and accessible options are available for those who need them. However, there will be limited capacity for the accessible queue each day, so entrance is not guaranteed and some waiting time is expected.

Once given a ticket from the accessible queue entrance by Tate Britain, mourners can follow a step-free route along Millbank to Victoria Tower Gardens where stewards will guide you to the accessible queue.

Parliamentary staff will be on hand inside the Palace of Westminster to provide a helping hand for assistance or level access requests.

Those with pre-existing medical conditions are also advised to check the length of the queue beforehand and plan accordingly. British Sign Language interpreters will be also be available to people joining the queue.

Transport for London’s turn-up-and-go services will be available for passengers requiring extra assistance, including the visually impaired, those with mobility issues and large groups travelling together.

Boarding ramps, helping to move between stations, and alternative step-free routes will be offered. The turn-up-and-go service is available on London Underground and Overground services, as well as most Elizabeth Line stations. There is no requirement to pre-book this service.

Official guidance suggests that people should bring suitable clothing for the weather, food and drinks to have while queueing, a portable power bank for your mobile phone and any essential medication.

Other suggestions include bringing a book or being prepared to make friends with fellow mourners waiting in the queue.

Other entertainment options are already in place. Under Waterloo Bridge, the British Film Institute has set up a big screen showing clips from documentaries about the Queen’s life to those waiting in the queue.

If you leave bags or other items unattended they will be removed and may be destroyed.

Don’t bring: Folding chairs, large bags, food, drink, flowers, placards, flags – or Paddington Bears.

Bags larger than 40cm x 30cm x 20cm in size are among the prohibited items, as are flasks or water bottles, pets – except guide and hearing dogs – and flares, fireworks, air horns and sharp objects.

Banners, placards, flags, advertising or marketing messages, and other similar items that could be used to cause a disturbance are also not permitted.

Paint sprays, padlocks, chains, climbing gear and any other hazardous items have also been banned.

Those bringing flowers, candles, soft toys, photographs or other tribute items will also be asked to hand these into security checkpoints.

Gazebos, tents, camping chairs and other equipment are also not allowed as the queue is constantly creeping forward. Confiscated items will not be returned once you exit Westminster Hall.

A bag drop facility is available but capacity is limited, and there is no guarantee that there will be space at the facility.

Waiting for bag storage space to become available will increase your queuing time, according to the advice.

Food, snacks and refreshments are all welcome to be consumed as mourners wait in the queue, but they will not be permitted inside Westminster Hall. Lighting barbecues will not be permitted.

There are also selected places where members of the public can purchase the essentials along the route. Food can be bought at snack stops.

The National Theatre, Shakespeare’s Globe and Southbank Centre will all be opening for longer hours to provide comfort breaks and refreshments.

But mourners are being reminded that everything must be disposed of before entering the Palace.

Alcohol will be allowed on the route, but police officers and stewards will be on hand to deal with those consuming excessive amounts or displaying drunken or disorderly behaviour.

There are approximately 500 portable toilets and water stations available to members of the public who will be waiting in line over the following four days.

Clear water bottles will be permitted inside Westminster Hall, but must be emptied of their contents before entering the security search point.

Around 1,000 volunteers will be on hand to help guide those waiting to available facilities, although they have warned you will need to expect long queues within the queue to access portaloos.

St John Ambulance service will be operating stations along the route to provide first aid if required, and emotional and welfare support from the Samaritans, Salvation Army and Red Cross will also be available.

Lambeth Palace will also be arranging a street pastor multi-faith service.

All ages are welcome, but parents have been reminded of the rigours of the ever-growing queue.

The Government has asked people to think carefully about whether to take youngsters with them. ‘Please consider this before you decide to attend or bring children with you,’ it added.

There is an ‘accessible queue’ for those with disabilities or anyone struggling to cope. And MPs and ministers have already faced criticism after it emerged they are able to skip to the front, along with four guests.

While hundreds of thousands of people are having to stand in line for up to 30 hours along the Thames, MPs and peers are able to walk in to the lying-in-state.

They only have to show their Parliamentary security passes to gain immediate entry to Westminster Hall, where the late monarch’s coffin is resting until her state funeral on Monday.

Last night their special treatment was condemned by some of the thousands waiting in line for their brief chance to pay their respects.

A police source last night told the Daily Mail: ‘It’s disappointing but not surprising that MPs are able to jump the queue while the thousands of police officers working 12-hour days with cancelled holidays won’t get any opportunities to say goodbye.’

There was also anger among MPs’ staff that they are not being given priority access, unlike their employers and Commons officials. Parliamentary staff can show their passes to enter and can apply for one guest ticket each.

Photography and recording is strictly prohibited inside and there will also be restrictions on mobile phone use.

Mourners will be expected to ‘respect the dignity of the event and behave appropriately’. That includes remaining silent while paying your respects inside the Palace. Clothes with ‘political or offensive slogans’ are also banned.

They were also warned that stewards and police officers will be patrolling along the route of the queue, and removing anyone displaying anti-social or inappropriate behaviour – including queue-jumping.

Yes. The BBC is providing a dedicated live stream online, on iPlayer and BBC Parliament right up until the Queen’s state funeral on Monday, September 19.

Lying in state is usually reserved for sovereigns, current or past queen consorts, and sometimes former prime ministers.

During the formal occasion, the closed coffin is placed on view, as thousands of people queue to file past and pay their respects.

The tradition of lying in state stretches back to the 17th century when Stuart sovereigns lay in state for a number of days.

Edward VII set the modern tradition of royal lying in state in Westminster Hall. He lay in state in 1910, as did King George V in 1936 and King George VI in 1952.

George VI – the Queen’s father – was the last sovereign before Elizabeth II to die.

Two prime ministers – William Gladstone in 1898 and Sir Winston Churchill in 1965 – also lay in state at Westminster Hall, attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors.

And in 1930, there was an unusual lying in state in Westminster Hall for the victims of the R101 Airship disaster.

The experimental rigid British airship caught fire as it crossed northern France, killing 48 of the 54 people on board.

No, he did not, and this was in accordance with his wishes, but his death took place during the Covid-19 crisis and at that point such mass gatherings were also against the law.

The last person to lie in state in the UK was the Queen Mother in 2002.

On top of her coffin in Westminster Hall was her coronation crown, set with the Koh-i-Noor diamond, and a hand-written message from her daughter, the Queen, reading: ‘In loving memory, Lilibet’.

An estimated 200,000 people turned out to pay their respects over three days.

It was the first lying in state where members of the public were subjected to a security check, which slowed the movement of the mourners.

At their longest, queues stretched across Lambeth Bridge and all the way along the South Bank to Southwark Cathedral, with people being warned to expect a wait of up to 12 hours at peak times.

Police were drafted in to deal with the security, large crowds and road closures.

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    European Space Agency’s planetary rover destined for the moon or Mars is tested at quarry

    A planetary rover that could be blasted into space for missions on the moon and Mars is being tested at a quarry in Milton Keynes.

    The Sample Fetch Rover (SFR), affectionately known as Anon, was intended to collect sample tubes left on the surface of Mars by NASA’s rover Perseverance.

    But, earlier this year, NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) announced the rover would no longer be needed for this work.

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    Quarries provide a unique, dynamic terrain that are used for preparing planetary rovers for the Martian landscape.

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    SFR’s drive about the quarry marks the first time all its systems are being tested simultaneously.

    Airbus is looking to ensure its surface mobility capability is maintained for the UK space sector, particularly with NASA’s approaching Artemis lunar mission.

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    Further work is required to ensure SFR is able to function in the extreme temperatures and scant atmosphere of the lunar surface if it is to make it to the moon.

    Engineers also have to find a way to power up the rover after spending 14 nights essentially in sleep mode because of the cold temperatures when it is in darkness.

    The four-wheeled rover is designed to operate six times faster than the ESA’s other Mars rover ExoMars, however this will involve greatly enhanced autonomous navigation capability.

    This ability to perceive its environment while not being operated is what is being tested in the outdoor environment at Milton Keynes.

    Despite these challenges, the Airbus team are still optimistic about SFR’s future proespects, which could include helping to build habitats on the moon.

    Mr Dobke said: ‘There’s various avenues of investigation so it could be scientific, going into places where there’s lunar ice.

    ‘It could be in support of human habitats, whether it be autonomously building habitats or whether it’s supporting driving astronauts around on the surface.

    ‘So there’s a number of different applications that we could have autonomy on the moon.’

    However, a possible focus on moon missions does not mean all hope is lost for the SFR visiting Mars.

    Dr Adam Camilletti, space systems lead at the UK Space Agency, said: ‘All the technology that’s been developed for Sample Fetch Rover is still really, really useful because we’ve developed a huge amount of expertise and know-how in the UK.

    ‘And we think that can be utilised in commercial applications, for autonomous vehicles and inspecting infrastructure and down tunnels and in difficult terrains, but also we think it can be utilised in future missions, perhaps to the moon and future missions to Mars as well.’

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    New York is joining California in banning the sale of new gas vehicles by 2035, but how it plans to charge thousands of electric vehicles in a city that lacks private driveways and convince people to pay at least $20,000 more for a new plug-in still remains a mystery.

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    Along with where people will charge their cars, comes the question of how they will afford one. Nearly 50 percent of residents are deemed middle class and 17.9 percent are low income, leaving just 35 percent of people who have a disposable income to spend thousands of dollars more on a new plug-in vehicle.

    New York, however, offers electric car buyers the Drive Clean Rebate of up to $2,000 for new car purchases or leases, but this still may not be enough to tempt consumers into swapping out a cheaper gas guzzler for a more expensive vehicle.

    The state’s governor, Kathy Hochul, made the announcement on Thursday, ordering automakers to start phasing out gas-powered vehicles to hit specific quotas.

    The ban, which will go into effect by the end of the year, follows California’s plan by setting quotas to reach the goal: 35 percent of new vehicle sales to be zero-emission vehicles in 2026, 68 percent by 2030 and 100 percent by 2035.

    Hochul announced the initiative last year, but had to wait for California to make the first move due to federal regulations.

    California’s action finalizing the Advanced Clean Cars II regulation last month unlocked New York’s ability to adopt the same regulation.

    And the move is New York’s big push into cutting 85 percent of its greenhouse gasses by 2050.

    The 10,000 additional curbside charging stations are the only ones that have been revealed, which would bring the total to just 10,320 five years before the ban is in effect.

    Most of the operating charging stations are found in Manhattan, but this region also has the least amount of electric vehicles.

    Brooklyn has 10,414 registered vehicles and 241 stations, while Manhattan has 3,900 electric vehicles that have access to 320 charging stations.

    Queens has the same number of zero-emission cars as Manhattan, but only provides 43 public charging stations.

    And Staten Island has 32 stations for its 1,276 electric vehicles.

    State officials could just construct tens of thousands of more chargers, but Kenneth Gillingham, economics professor at Yale School for the Environment, told Gothamist: ‘You don’t want to put in the chargers before people are going to be using them.

    ‘People don’t want to buy electric vehicles until the chargers are in.’

    California is also facing such obstacles, but it has the land and private driveways to build off from.

    The west coast state made its ban official in August, but it currently does not have enough charging stations to meet the soon-be demand.

    More than 73,000 public and shared chargers have been installed to date, with an additional 123,000 planned by 2025.

    These numbers fall short of the state’s goal of 250,000 chargers by 54,000 installations.

    Then there is the cost of purchasing a new electric vehicle, which is now averaging about $66,000 – a 13 percent year-over-year increase – compared to the $43,000 for the average gas-powered car.

    According to Kelley Blue Book, the cost of EVs is ‘well above industry average and more aligned with luxury prices versus mainstream prices.’

    During the first half of this year, electric vehicle sales accounted for about 15 percent of California’s new vehicle market.

    A major uncertainty about the policy is how quickly precious minerals, specifically lithium, will be available to produce large amounts of batteries needed to fulfill the 2035 target.

    Laurie Holmes, senior manager of government affairs for Kia, told California officials Thursday that the industry could have difficulty meeting sales targets.

    She urged the state to support incentives for consumers to buy EVs and to help build out a charging system.

    There are 17 other US states that have joined California’s movement that account for about 40 percent of all US new vehicle sales.

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    Their results show that when wild monkeys live in large groups alongside human settlements, they can act as superspreaders.

    The researchers hope the findings could help to identify individual monkeys that are the most sociable and tend to congregate around and interact with humans the most.

    ‘Targeting these with vaccinations or other forms of medical treatment could potentially protect both macaque populations and humans in areas where they live in close proximity,’ the team said in a statement.

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    Dr Krishna Balasubramaniam, lead author of the study, said: ‘COVID-19 has highlighted the importance of understanding infectious disease transmission among wildlife populations in urban and peri-urban areas.

    ‘Population expansion has increased the contact between humans and wildlife, and these human-wildlife interfaces are widely recognised as “hotspots” for the transmission of diseases across a variety of species.’

    The researchers focused on the interactions of 10 separate groups of macaques in northern India, Malaysia, and southern India.

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    Computer simulations were then run 100,000 times in total across the 10 groups to estimate the vulnerability of the macaque populations to disease outbreaks.

    The results revealed that the size of the outbreak was dependent on the centrality of the macaque first infected.

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    ‘Being so closely related to humans, macaques are highly vulnerable to the same diseases that infect people,’ Dr Balasubramaniam said.

    ‘Indeed, previous work by other researchers established that macaques may be infected by human gastrointestinal and respiratory pathogens.

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    Cook also expressed skepticism that people will want to spend extended periods of time in VR in the future. ‘[VR is] something you can really immerse yourself in. And that can be used in a good way.’

    ‘But I don’t think you want to live your whole life that way,’ he told Bright. ‘VR is for set periods, but not a way to communicate well.’

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    According to an internal company plan leaked to The Information, Meta is planning to release four new virtual reality headsets in the next two years – with one having an estimated price tag of $799.

    The California-based company has already spent a whopping $10 billion on its push into the metaverse – an amount that’s more than five times what it paid to purchase the Oculus VR business in 2014.

    The metaverse push is happening at a time when analysts have noted that Meta’s profits are decreasing as user interest in several of its core apps has also declined. In addition, the tech giant has faced an advertising downturn caused in part by Apple’s privacy changes and massive competition for younger users from TikTok.

    Cook’s comments are the latest from a string of tech CEOs to express skepticism about the metaverse.

    Snap CEO Evan Spiegel told the Guardian that the company avoids the term because it’s ‘pretty ambiguous and hypothetical’ and that if you ask a room full of people to define it, all their definitions would be ‘totally different.’

    David Limp, Amazon’s head of devices, recently said that if he asked ‘a few hundred people what they thought the metaverse was, we’d get 205 different answers’ and that there’s no ‘common definition’ of the term.

    The term metaverse originates in Neil Stevenson’s science fiction novel Snow Crash but it’s come to mean an immersive digital reality where people could live, shop, work and enjoy leisure time.

    ‘You’ll be able to hang out with friends, work, play, learn, shop, create and more,’ Meta has said. ‘It’s not necessarily about spending more time online — it’s about making the time you do spend online more meaningful.’

    Meta’s Horizon Worlds is currently a test of its grand metaverse. Currently an app, it includes in-app purchases for creators to sell virtual items and effects within their digital worlds.

    Critics, including people within the tech industry, believe there is a potential dark side to Silicon Valley’s push towards the metaverse.

    ‘It could be used to brainwash whole populations and basically put them under the control of the puppet master,’ Brian Shuster, who has 17 years experience with the metaverse and also created his own digital world called Utherverse, told DailyMail.com in reference to the metaverse.

    ‘I don’t believe Zuck or Facebook will ever come to conclusion they can sacrifice money for the benefit and longevity of humans. The money comes when people are happy or angry, [so you choose] which path you [want to] go down?’ he said.

    Raj Shah, technology analyst for Publicis Sapient, a digital consultancy firm, told the New York Times: ‘It is time for a reality check on Meta’s position for the metaverse. The metaverse is a long way from being profitable or filling the gap in ad revenue after Apple’s policy change.’

    Zuckerberg was forced to change his Horizon Worlds avatar after being widely mocked for the first version, which was panned for amateurish graphics.

    The company has also said that many of the products ultimately used for the metaverse will take 10 to 15 years to develop.

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  • 5 часов, 18 минут назад 03.10.2022Science
    Bill Gates admits that telling people not to eat meat WON’T fix climate change despite past comments

    Bill Gates said climate change won’t be solved by telling people to make radical changes to their lifestyle, such as giving up meat, despite his previous statements saying America and other wealthy countries should move to ‘100% synthetic beef.’

    ‘Anyone who says telling people to stop eating meat or wanting to have a nice house will basically change human desires, I think, that is too difficult,’ he told Bloomberg’s Zero podcast. ‘You can make a case for it, but I don’t think it’s realistic for that to play a central role.’

    However, the Microsoft co-founder previously said the wealthiest countries of the world should switch to ‘100% synthetic beef.’

    ‘You can get used to the taste difference, and the claim is they’re going to make it taste even better over time. Eventually, that green premium is modest enough that you can sort of change the people or use regulation to totally shift the demand,’ Gates told MIT Technology Review in a February 2021 appearance to promote his book ‘How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.’

    Many environmentalists, including Gates, have long touted that moving towards more plant-based eating would put a dent in the climate crisis. However, the truth is different, according to organizations like the Global Food Justice Alliance (GFJA), which says it advocates for ‘nutrient dense diets that support a healthy population and ecosystem.’

    A 2017 analysis listed on GFJA’s website shows that removing all livestock from the U.S. would only lower the country’s greenhouse gas emissions by 2.6%. A separate examination of studies shows that meat substitutes have higher carbon footprints that beef from cattle.

    Gates has touted – and invested in – companies like Beyond Meat, Hampton Creek Foods and Nature’s Fynd. Beyond Meat, which was endorsed by Kim Kardashian in a widely mocked commercial, this year lost $100 million in revenue and seen its stock price drop 74%.

    After a spike in interest driven by fears about meat processing plants in the Covid pandemic’s first year, several Beyond Meat partnerships with brands like McDonald’s and Taco Bell flopped and the company laid off 40 employees.

    In the Bloomberg podcast, Gates discussed his involvement with pushing for the Inflation Reduction Act, which allocated almost $370 billion to help cut carbon emissions.

    ‘I am getting governments involved and this latest bill I was personally involved in a lot of what got written into it and working with key senators in the last month to get it passed,’ he said.

    The world’s fifth-richest person, with an estimated net worth of $101 billion, said we are not innovating enough to curb climate change – and noted that the world’s wealthiest countries only account for about one-third of worldwide emissions.

    ‘Those [remaining] two-thirds of emissions are pretty basic in terms of the calories and shelter and transport and goods being used,’ Gates explained. ‘So the excesses of the rich countries…It may feel Calvinistically appropriate, but I’m looking at what the world has to do to get to zero, not using climate as a moral crusade.’

    Gates has in the past raised eyebrows with some of his investments, while drawing praise for others.

    He’s funded a start-up called Turntide, which builds energy-efficient electric motors, as well as the lithium start-up Mangrove Lithium.

    The philanthropist is also the largest private owner of agricultural land in America, after having quietly purchased at least 242,000 acres of farmland in 18 states – including thousands of acres in Nebraska, Arizona, Arkansas and Louisiana.

    ‘We’re not even trying to make breakthroughs, such as inventing an economic way of making aviation fuel, cement or steel,’ he said. ‘The existing tools only apply to areas like electricity generation and don’t apply to most of the emissions.’

    According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, transportation and industry together account for 52% of all greenhouse gas emissions in the country, with electric power making up an additional 25%.

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  • 7 часов, 18 минут назад 03.10.2022Science
    Biotech firm wants to create human embryos from stem cells and raise them in a ‘mechanical womb’

    A biotech firm wants to create human embryos from stem cells for the purpose of harvesting tissues to use in transplants after demonstrating success with mouse embryos that were kept alive in a mechanical womb for days until they developed beating hearts and flowing blood.

    The Israel-based firm, Renewal Bio, has a mission to ‘make humanity younger and healthier’ with the use of stem cell technology that could potentially be used to treat infertility, genetic disorders or extend life in other ways.

    After achieving ground-breaking success with mouse embryos, the results of which were published Monday in the Journal Cell, stem cell biologist Jacob Hanna wants the company he co-founded to replicate the technology in humans.

    In the future, embryonic stem cells could be transferred into an older person to boost their immune system or used to regenerate ovarian cells – although the company says it’s at an early stage and still learning about the technology’s possible applications.

    ‘We view the embryo as the best 3D bio printer,’ Hanna tells MIT Technology Review. ‘It’s the best entity to make organs and proper tissue.’

    Not everyone is on board with Renewal Bio’s work due to the ethical implications, which Hanna is aware of since his company’s website has the most bare-bones information.

    ‘It’s absolutely not necessary, so why would you do it?’ Nicolas Rivron, a stem-cell scientist at the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology in Vienna, tells MIT Technology Review. He argues that scientists should only create ‘the minimal embryonic structure necessary’ to yield cells of interest.

    Scientists are already able to grow certain simple tissues, such as cartilage or bone, but it’s much more challenging to grow complex ones.

    ‘The vision of the company is ‘Can we use these organized embryo entities that have early organs to get cells that can be used for transplantation?’ We view it as perhaps a universal starting point,’ Hanna adds.

    Hanna, who previously demonstrated that he could grow natural mouse embryos outside of a female womb for several says in a mechanical womb, was able to grow look-alike embryos from stem cells in his new work.

    ‘The embryos really look great,’ says Hanna. ‘They are really, really similar to natural embryos.’

    However, fewer than 1 in 100 attempts to mimic a mouse embryo was successful, according to MIT Technology Review, and the embryos that developed for the longest time still eventually had different abnormalities – including heart problems.

    The scientist plans to use his own blood or skin cells, along with those of some volunteers, as a starting point for making synthetic human embryos. Despite the ethical considerations about the creation of life in a test tube, Hanna does not see them as viable.

    ‘We are not trying to make human beings. That is not what we are trying to do.’ Hanna tells MIT Technology Review. ‘To call a day-40 embryo a mini-me is just not true.’

    It’s important to note that a synthetic embryo could not survive beyond the jars of the company’s mechanical womb. Since it doesn’t have a placenta or umbilical cord that’s connected to a mother, it would not survive if transplanted to a uterus.

    ‘The ability to create a synthetic embryo from cells—no egg, no sperm, no uterus—it’s really amazing,’ says Omri Amirav-Drory, who is acting as CEO of the company. ‘We think it can be a massive, transformative platform technology that can be applied to both fertility and longevity.’

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