Motion Smoothing: Here’s how film fans can turn OFF ‘soap opera effect’

A feature built-in to your smart TV known as motion smoothing could be ruining your cinematic viewing experience without you even knowing it.

‘Motion Smoothing’ works by inserting interpolated or ‘fake’ frames between the originally captured frames, reducing motion blur and creating a smoother video.

But when the feature is turned on, it causes the so-called ‘soap opera effect’ in films – making them look cheaper and less cinematic, as if they were raw video feeds.

Unfortunately, high-definition widescreen TVs tend to come with motion smoothing already on – but the good news is you can turn it off.

One film fan on Twitter said turning off motion smoothing on your parents’ TV is a ‘Thanksgiving tradition like no other’.

Another posted: ‘Happy “turning off motion-smoothing on your parent’s TV” day!’

Motion smoothing was created with the intention of making fast-moving images from sport broadcasts look less blurry, by putting in artificial frames.

Such sporting broadcasts are filmed at 30 frames per second, but most films are filmed at 24 frames per second and so are not intended to be viewed with motion smoothing.

Essentially, motion smoothing adds artificially generated frames to increase the frame rate.

Each of these artificial frames is effectively a hybrid of the frame before and the frame after.

The feature makes sense for sports broadcasts, as without it the fast on-screen action of a football or basketball match can lose sharpness and seem blurry.

But when it is applied to big-budget blockbusters, it makes them look like they were shot on video, rather than 30mm or 70mm film.

Tom Cruise previously urged fans to turn off motion smoothing, saying it means film lovers aren’t watching movies ‘the way filmmakers intended’.

It makes most movies look as if they were shot on high-speed video rather than film,’ Cruise said in a video from the set of Top Gun: Maverick.

‘Most HD TVs come with this feature already on by default, and turning it off requires navigating a set of menus.’

Directors opposed to watching films with motion smoothing include Christopher Nolan, Paul Thomas Anderson, Karyn Kusama and John Hillcoat.

Hillcoat said motion smoothing is ‘heartbreaking’ because it makes a film look like ‘moving plastic sludge’.

‘Digital has plasticity even at the top end [that] we’re all working to break it down or to add texture,’ Hillcoat told DGA Quarterly.

[But] if you aren’t a tech person, and you just happen to watch something, experientially and emotionally there is an alienating effect.’

Kusama said directors of photography must ‘feel agonized’ because it’s so hard for people to turn motion smoothing off.

‘I cannot tell you how many late nights in a hotel, when I’m on a TV job, I’m just wanting to watch 20 minutes of high-quality television, and it just all looks like some bizarre soap opera,’ she said.

‘I have to just turn off the TV in frustration when it could just be the click of a button on the remote.

‘We’re not supposed to be seeing Taxi Driver or Persona look like that. Directors of photography must feel agonised.’

Motion smoothing is built into many modern TVs where it’s automatically turned on, but cinema fans can turn it off by heading to their TV’s settings.

The feature goes under several names depending on the brand of TV you have, whether it’s Samsung, LG or Panasonic.

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  • 8 часов, 57 минут назад 09.12.2022Science
    A 6ft heart and eyes the size of tennis balls… Meet the largest creature ever to walk the earth

    As the gentle giant grazed in the steamy humidity of a prehistoric forest, it must have sensed a fraction too late that it was being stalked by a bloodthirsty rival. Standing 26ft tall — almost twice the height of a London bus — and measuring 121ft from nose to tail, the Patagotitan mayorum weighed a ground-shaking 65 tons, which was as much as nine African bull elephants.

    But although its assailant, the deadly Tyrannotitan, was a third of its size, the 60 sharp teeth in its powerful jaws could rip through flesh within seconds. Suddenly it pounced, biting into its quarry’s tail.

    During that almighty encounter between these heavyweights of the dinosaur world, it seemed that the Tyrannotitan’s herbivorous victim might have nibbled its last leaf, but it had a secret weapon in that hugely powerful, 52ft-long tail.

    As the air filled with terrifying snarls and roars, it thrashed to and fro until eventually the Tyrannotitan was beaten away, leaving its intended victim dripping with blood but surviving to graze another day.

    Exactly when or how that Patagotitan, which was the biggest of all known dinosaurs, eventually died we don’t know.

    But now, some 100 million years later, a replica of its colossal skeleton is about to go on display at the Natural History Museum in London — complete with a dent in one of its vertebra, thought to have been a bite mark left by the Tyrannotitan.

    The largest known creature to have walked our planet, it will dwarf the museum’s other giant attractions — it’s more than four times heavier than Dippy the Diplodocus and 40ft longer than Hope, the blue whale.

    ‘It’s absolutely stupendous in terms of its scale,’ says the museum’s dinosaur expert Professor Paul Barrett.

    The exhibition, which opens next March, also includes the skull of a Tyrannotitan, the creature thought to have attacked the Patagotitan.

    Of course, we cannot be sure of this, but it seems the most likely contender in the hostile primeval environment they both inhabited.

    They lived during the Cretaceous Period between 66 and 100 million years ago in a region corresponding to modern-day Argentina.

    The story of the remarkable skeleton coming to the Natural History Museum began in 2014 when an Argentine shepherd looking for a lost member of his flock stumbled across a huge thigh bone sticking out of the earth.

    At 8 ft long, this cartoonishly large femur looked like something out of The Flintstones.

    The scientific name of this new species was inspired by the region where it was discovered, Patagonia, and its strength and large size, the Titans being the powerful Greek gods said to have ruled before the Olympians.

    Over the next two years, another 200 bones were discovered, revealing that at least six of these giants had died in what was once a flood plain near a river.

    The growth marks on the bones, which can be read much like the rings on trees, suggested these were young adults in their teens or early 20s. It’s not clear whether they were male or female.

    Since none of the skeletons was complete, the palaeontologists used fibre-glass replicas of the bones to construct a composite skeleton so large that it had to be pieced together in a cavernous warehouse.

    While the original fossils remain in Argentina, demand from museums around the world to exhibit replicas has been such that several copies of the skeleton have been made.

    When the Patagotitan makes its European debut next year, it will barely fit inside the Natural History Museum’s Waterson Gallery — despite its 30ft-high ceilings. In fact, the skeleton is so big that visitors will be able to walk underneath it.

    ‘You only come up to the ankles when you stand next to it,’ says Professor Barrett. ‘This is an animal that really towers above you and it’s quite humbling.’

    The dimensions of its bones were critical in estimating Patagotitan’s size and weight, suggesting it had reached the upper limits of how big land animals can get before their skeletons are unable to support them.

    Incredibly, these behemoths hatched from eggs that were only about 8 in in diameter — smaller than a football.

    The females laid as many as 40 of these at a time to increase the chances of at least some of them surviving, probably using rotting leaves to help with the incubation. Once hatched, the offspring were highly vulnerable to predators, including the pterosaurs, terrifying flying reptiles with huge wing spans which scanned the ground for prey to swoop on and devour.

    Apart from these and the Tyrannotitans, these youngsters would also have lived in fear of the Giganotosauruses, ten-ton carnivores which bared 8 in-long teeth, walked on two legs and could reach 30mph — far faster than the Patogotitan’s stately 5mph on all fours.

    To help evade detection, their scaly crocodile-like skin was likely brown or grey. ‘We can’t be sure of this, but if you think of the largest land animals around today, like elephants, they tend to be dull colours, which help them to blend into the landscape as a form of camouflage,’ says Professor Barrett.

    As the Patatogitans grew older, predators would have been intimidated by their huge size, and the fact they wandered in herds.

    They also enjoyed a lofty vantage point over the world. Stretching a mind-boggling 45ft, their necks were eight times longer than those of the average giraffe and made up of 15 huge vertebrae, some six or seven times longer than they were wide. And with eyes as big as tennis balls set into their small heads, they could see potential attackers coming, even if they couldn’t inflict much damage with their small, peg-like, teeth.

    These suggest they were rather well-mannered eaters — taking small bites rather than tearing at vegetation. Yet they got through around 440lb of food a day, and while they dined on conifers and ancient relatives of monkey-puzzle trees, they could also reach down to eat the ferns which predominated before grasslands evolved.

    Since this diet was very fibrous, their guts would have had to be extremely long, with food taking up to ten days to be digested and pass through it. As it fermented in their vast stomachs, huge amounts of methane would have been produced as a byproduct.

    ‘I strongly suspect the back end of a Patagotitan herd was not a place you would want to be,’ says Professor Barrett.

    Their long stomachs were just one of many extraordinary biological adaptions which helped the Patagotitans survive.

    Essentially the size of moving houses, one of their biggest challenges was getting oxygenated blood pumping around their huge bodies. To achieve this, the Patagotitans would have needed hearts at least 6 ft in circumference. Weighing three times as much as a grown man, these could have shifted around 158 pints of blood in a single beat.

    As with some birds, the dinosaur’s closest living relatives, the Patagotitans’ respiration is also thought to have been helped by huge air sacs which occupied much of their chests and ran the whole length of their bodies from the tailbone up through the very long neck to the head.

    Connected to their lungs, these helped them take in oxygen continuously, when breathing in and breathing out.

    To reduce that weight, their bones were full of holes — rather like a Swiss cheese. And, as they lumbered along on all fours, their huge, column-like legs splayed out slightly, supporting their bulk. Marks on their thigh bones where the muscles were attached suggest their back legs were connected to their tails, which brought the hind quarters up and forwards to help propel the Patagotitans along.

    These weird and wonderful miracles of bodily engineering are thought to have had a life span of about 50 years.

    There is one question the Natural History Museum exhibition will be unable to answer: why did the youngsters found near that watering-hole die prematurely? Some experts have suggested that they became isolated from their group and died of stress and hunger; others that a volcanic eruption blanketed the surrounding vegetation, resulting in their starvation.

    While we should count ourselves fortunate that we will never encounter a Tyrannotitan or a Gigantosaurus, the forthcoming exhibition in London will certainly bring us a step closer to imagining what it was when creatures such as the massive but meek Patagotitan roamed the earth.

  • 10 часов, 57 минут назад 09.12.2022Science
    FBI is ‘deeply concerned’ about Apple’s new security protections, saying it will hurt agency’s work

    The FBI is ‘deeply concerned’ about Apple’s decision to add new security protections to its cloud storage system because it would hinder the agency’s ability to prevent a range of crimes.

    The company already uses end to end encryption for iMessages between Apple devices – which means the messages can only be read on the smartphones, not by Apple or law enforcement.

    With this update announced Wednesday, the tech giant will allow users to protect the vast majority of the data they upload to iCloud.

    ‘This hinders our ability to protect the American people from criminal acts ranging from cyber-attacks and violence against children to drug trafficking, organized crime and terrorism,’ an FBI spokesperson told the Washington Post.

    The FBI added that it was ‘deeply concerned with the threat end-to-end and user-only-access encryption pose.’

    ‘In this age of cybersecurity and demands for ‘security by design,’ the FBI and law enforcement partners need “lawful access by design.”‘

    The new encryption option will be available for public software testers immediately, for all U.S. customers by the end of this year and for other countries starting next year, Apple said in its announcement – adding that it may not reach every country by the end of 2023.

    ‘Advanced Data Protection is Apple’s highest level of cloud data security, giving users the choice to protect the vast majority of their most sensitive iCloud data with end-to-end encryption so that it can only be decrypted on their trusted devices,’ Ivan Krstić, Apple’s head of Security Engineering and Architecture, said in a statement.

    According to security experts cited by Apple, the total number of data breaches more than tripled between 2013 and 2021, exposing 1.1 billion personal records across the globe in 2021 alone.

    This is not the first time that Apple has been in conflict with law enforcement over providing access to users’ data.

    In 2020, Apple decided to scale back plans to further encrypt iCloud data after receiving significant pushback from the FBI, multiple sources said at that time.

    Still, the new privacy policy is likely to throw a wrench into an especially effective law enforcement tool.

    During a six-month period covered in Apple’s recent transparency report, the company said it had turned over users’ content for legal reasons 3,980 times, mostly in the United States and Brazil.

    Privacy experts were very pleased with Apple’s announcement.

    ‘This is great,’ Meredith Whittaker, president of Signal, an encrypted chat app, told the Post. ‘There’s been enough pressure and enough narrative work that they see the side of history forming. It’s really incredible.’

    The tech giant also said it was making iPhones compatible with physical security keys that connect to the phone so that users can require them to access their device. This would prevent attackers who steal passwords and user names from breaking into phones.

    ‘At Apple, we are unwavering in our commitment to provide our users with the best data security in the world. We constantly identify and mitigate emerging threats to their personal data on device and in the cloud,’ said Craig Federighi, Apple’s senior vice president of Software Engineering.

    ‘Our security teams work tirelessly to keep users’ data safe, and with iMessage Contact Key Verification, Security Keys, and Advanced Data Protection for iCloud, users will have three powerful new tools to further protect their most sensitive data and communications.’

    Despite Apple’s reputation for being pro-privacy, two developers recently put out a report that found the company is collecting data on its customers while they use pre-installed apps – such as App Store, Apple Music, Apple TV, Books and Stocks – even when they have turned off analytics sharing.

    These apps sent Apple requests that include what apps a user looked at, including those relating to sexual preference and religion, the stocks they are watching and what advertisements they saw.

    The data collection also includes ID numbers and the type of device used, which is enough for device fingerprinting.

  • 10 часов, 58 минут назад 09.12.2022Science
    Man holding his penis in 10,000-year-old carving is the world’s oldest narrative

    Ancient carvings featuring five figures, including a man holding his penis, tell a tale of man versus beast in the world’s oldest narrative.

    A 10,000-year-old stone slab on a wall unearthed in Turkey shows two males and three animals engaging in separate but related ‘scenes.’

    The etchings depict a story of two men being attacked by animals, with both engaged in some self-defense position against attacks from leopards and bull.

    The discovery was made by archaeologists from Istanbul University, who uncovered the menacing tale within the ruins of a Neolithic building found beneath a modern village.

    Not only is this the oldest of its kind, but the study notes the carvings ‘reflect the complex relationship between humans, the natural world and the animal life that surrounded them during the transition to a sedentary lifestyle.’

    Archaeologist Dr Eylem Özdoğan, from Istanbul University, said in a statement: ‘These figures, engraved together to depict a narrative, are the first known examples of such a holistic scene.

    ‘This was a picture of the stories that formed the ideology of the people of that period.’

    Archaeologists have been working in the Turkish village of Sayburç since 2021, pulling away layers of dirt to reveal ancient Neolithic secrets.

    This work uncovered two communal and a set of residential buildings about 230 feet apart.

    The excavations revealed the site was inhabited during the Neolithic period, in the 9th millennium BC.

    ‘This period saw an important transition, with people shifting from a mobile hunter-gatherer lifestyle to farming and living in long-term settlements like Sayburç,’ according to the researchers.

    The wall with the narrative was found in one of the communal buildings, which measures 36 feet in diameter and was carved into the limestone bedrock, with stone-built walls resting on a bench that rises from the floor.

    The images are etched on the inner face of the bench, forming a two-foot-high panel that stretches around 12 feet.

    ‘The direction and stance of the figures imply that two related scenes are present. While the other figures are facing one another, only the male figure—in high relief—faces into the room, staring into the interior,’ according to the study published in the journal Antiquity

    ‘This principal human figure holds its phallus in its right hand.’

    The figure has been damaged over time, but researchers said it is a male figure between two leopards that look ready to pounce.

    The leopard’s mouths are open, the teeth visible and the long tails are curled towards the body.

    The other male figure is shown in a squatting position, with his back turned toward the other man, holding a snake in one hand with six fingers.

    A bull is a feature in this scene is carved to have exaggerated horns like the leopard’s teeth.

    This distorted perspective is comparable to that seen at other prehistoric sites and must have been deliberately chosen to emphasize the horns, which are exaggerated like the leopards’ teeth in the previous scene,’ the researchers wrote in the study.

    ‘Archaeological evidence can provide some insight into the traditions of past societies, but clearer evidence rarely survives, so this discovery is exciting. Sayburç has very clear evidence in this respect and has the potential to tell us a lot about the Neolithic,’ concluded Dr Özdoğan.

  • 12 часов, 46 минут назад 09.12.2022Science
    Mpox elimination plan outlined by UK Government in eight-point roadmap

    The Government has today published plans to continue to reduce the incidence of mpox in the UK over the course of the year next — with the ultimate goal of eliminating transmission. Initial symptoms of mpox infection can include chills, fatigue, fever, and muscle aches — with more severe cases often presenting with a rash on the face and genitals that can spread elsewhere on the body before scabbing over. According to the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA), case numbers have dropped from around 350 per week in July to only 5 per week as of the start of this month. There have been no reported deaths from mpox in the UK — and only a small number internationally linked to the present outbreak. The improvement in case numbers has been attributed to high vaccination rates among the most vulnerable groups and the rapid identification of cases that have emerged.

    Building on these successes, the new strategy — which has been agreed by the UKHSA, Public Health Scotland, Public Health Wales and the Public Health Agency of Northern Ireland — outlines eight key actions to reduce the threat posed by the virus.

    These include continuing to offer pre- and post-exposure vaccination to those at the highest risk of contracting mpox; rapid and accurate case finding, including exploring the possibility of introducing testing of asymptomatic individuals; and following that robust contract tracing.

    This will be complemented by the continuation of population-level surveillance; global collaboration with international organisations like the WHO, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Furthermore, the Government will also be continuing to engage vulnerable groups with the dangers posed by mpox; enable infection prevention and control arrangements in healthcare settings; and support cutting-edge research to evaluate potential changes in the virus and the protection afforded by vaccination over time.

    Epidemiologist and UKHSA Head of Sexually Transmitted Infections Dr Katy Sinka: “Now the emergency phase of this outbreak has passed, we can move into to second phase of our outbreak management strategy.

    “Through our new strategy we hope to maintain the low number of identified cases we are currently seeing and move toward our ultimate goal of eliminating transmission of the disease in the UK.

    “But this will take time and maintaining awareness is crucial. It is vital that people remain alert to the risk mpox poses and seek advice if they have symptoms, to protect themselves and others. Vaccination plays a crucial role in this, so I would encourage those at highest risk to come forward.”

    According to the UKHSA, mpox continues to be transmitted primarily in interconnected sexual networks of gay, bisexual, or other men who have sex with men. They added: “There is no robust evidence of sustained transmission outside these networks.”

    Public Health Scotland’s Medical Director, Dr Nick Phin, said: “Mpox has been of significant concern to those at highest risk across the UK, and so we are delighted that all four UK nations are now able to enter into the second phase of the response.

    “Vaccination has been key to getting us to this next stage and so we extend our thanks to those eligible who have taken the opportunity to protect themselves and others against the virus, as well as our NHS colleagues and partners within the third sector who have supported delivery of the vaccination programme.

    “Although this is welcome news, mpox has not gone away and so we encourage those who are yet to accept their invitation for a first dose to do so. If you’ve received a first dose, then please complete your course and maximise your protection by getting your second dose.

    “We continue to work with our colleagues across the UK to provide protection against mpox and all other infections that put people at risk.”

    Public Health Wales’ Consultant in Health Protection, Richard Firth, said: “Even though Wales has only had a small number of mpox cases up to now, the infection has not gone away and it is vital that we remain vigilant.

    “We have worked closely with our Health Board colleagues to put robust systems in place around surveillance and vaccination, in line with the strategy.”

    Public Health Agency (Northern Ireland) Consultant Service Development and Screening Dr Rachel Coyle added: “There has already been considerable progress made to reduce transmission of mpox and this document will support the ongoing action needed to achieve the goal of stopping transmission in the UK.

    “Our public health response is committed to reducing the risk of transmission of mpox in our community. Our sexual health services continue to offer vaccination and we would encourage all those at risk to take up the offer.”

  • 12 часов, 57 минут назад 09.12.2022Science
    More than 70,000 websites are sharing your data with Elon Musk’s Twitter, report reveals

    Elon Musk has access to user data from more than 70,000 websites belonging to the US government, healthcare firms and Fortune 500 companies that advertise on Twitter, according to a new bombshell report from Adalytics.

    The data sharing is enabled through Twitter’s advertising tool called a pixel, which advertisers embed on their website to track, analyze and target users of the Musk-owned platform with their ads.

    The pixel funnels this data to Twitter, which includes the user’s IP address, payment information and activity on the website.

    The report notes that Apple is one of the few advertising on Twitter that does not use the tool, along with Musk’s own Tesla and SpaceX, which recently paid more than $160,000 for a campaign.

    A total of ‘70,772 websites were found to make HTTPS requests to static.ads-twitter.com,’ Adalytics founder Krzysztof Franaszek wrote in the report.

    ‘These included many government, media, non-profit, university, and brand websites.’

    Franaszek also notes that entities advertising on Twitter ‘may not be aware that they are sharing terabytes of their visitors’ and audiences’ data with Twitter.’

    And it is even more likely that these advertisers have not enabled the Restricted Data Usage (RDU) setting, which ‘enables an advertiser to limit Twitter’s use of individual-level conversion events for specific business purposes only on that advertiser’s behalf.’

    ‘There is a possibility that every website that does not use this RDU feature is allowing Twitter to co-mingle and reuse that advertisers’ web traffic data for other purposes,’ Franaszek said.

    Websites using pixel include:: The Department of Education’s Free Application for Federal Student Aid or FAFSA; the US Department of Health & Human Services; Doctors Without Borders; webmd.com; and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

    However, the report also shows that various major carmakers advertise on Twitter, suggesting Musk, who owns Tesla, can analyze traffic to those sites.

    The New York Times reported that ‘automakers are among the most concerned advertisers, with General Motors raising questions about whether Twitter’s data would be shared with Mr. Musk’s car company, Tesla, three people said.’

    ‘It’s important for us to ensure our advertising strategies and data can be safely managed by a platform owned by a competitor,’ a GM spokesman said in a statement.

    Among academia, the websites of the University of Washington, Johns Hopkins University, Purdue University, University of California, City University of New York (CUNY) embedded the Twitter Pixel and did not enable RDU.

    About 99 percent of websites analyzed by Franaszek were not using the feature.

    ‘Currently, there does not appear to be any legislation, laws, or legal mechanisms in the US that would allow organizational entities to direct Twitter to delete large amounts of log data,’ he wrote in the report.

    ‘Policymakers in Congress may wish to consider legislation that would govern what happens in the event that a data processor or data broker changes ownership as part of a Merger or Acquisition event.’

    Meta also offers a pixel tool to advertisers and has found itself in court several times because of the same data sharing found by Adalytics.

    An anonymous hospital patient, named John Doe in court papers, filed a case in the Northern District of California this past June, alleging Facebook received patient data from at least 664 hospital systems or medical providers.

    ‘Despite knowingly receiving health-related information from medical providers, Facebook has not taken any action to enforce or validate its requirement that medical providers obtain adequate consent from patients before providing patient data to Facebook,’ the lawsuit stated.

    The lawsuit alleges: ‘Facebook monetizes the information it receives through the Facebook Pixel deployed on medical providers’ web properties by using it to generate highly-profitable targeted advertising on and off Facebook.’

    Meta was hit with another lawsuit this month, claiming the company’s pixel shared financial information from tax-filing websites.

  • 14 часов, 50 минут назад 08.12.2022Science
    How do I get ITVX on TV and Sky? What is different to ITV Hub?

    ITVX is the brand new streaming service from ITV, which boasts 10,000 hours of catch-up TV, box sets, movies and more.

    It will also debut brand new shows six to nine months before they appear on terrestrial television, to help it compete with other streaming giants like Netflix.

    Content is free to watch with adverts, however an ad-free subscription service is available for £5.99 a month.

    Following its launch today, here is everything you need to know about ITVX.

    What can you watch on ITVX?

    Users are able to binge the full box sets of ITV classics like ‘Broadchurch’, ‘Midsomer Murders’ and ‘Love Island’.

    Some programmes from other networks are also included, like HBO’s ‘The Sex Lives of College Girls’ and ‘American Dad’ from FOX, as well as blockbuster movies like ‘Despicable Me’ and ‘Back To The Future’.

    Overall, there is over 10,000 hours of content available, including 35 flagship shows, over 200 series and over 250 films.

    The service completely replaces the ITV Hub, which only hosted 4,000 hours of content in comparison.

    ITVX has all of the catch-up TV shows that aired on ITV channels in the last seven days available on demand.

    The network has already added the complete series of some brand new shows to ITVX, to celebrate today’s launch.

    These include ‘A Spy Among Friends’, the story of the capture of a Soviet double-agent during the cold war, starring Damian Lewis and Guy Pearce.

    The entire first series of brand new teen drama ‘Tell Me Everything’ has also landed, as well as ‘Plebs: Soldiers of Rome’, the 90-minute finale of the comedy set in the ancient city.

    From now on, ITV will add the complete first series of another brand new programme each week, with David Tennant’s ‘Litvinenko’ due to arrive next Thursday.

    Four-part thriller ‘Without Sin’ starring Vicky McClure and landmark natural history documentary ‘A Year On Planet Earth’ presented by Stephen Fry will launch on the channel later.

    If a new series isn’t dropping ahead of its television debut, ITV will upload the whole thing to ITVX on the day the first episode is aired.

    These will include political drama ‘Stonehouse’ with Matthew Macfadyen and Keeley Hawes, and the latest series of ‘Unforgotten’.

    All ITV channels can be watched live using ITVX, but there are also another 20 themed channels called ‘FAST Channels’, for example ‘Crime Drama’ and ‘World Cup Classics’.

    These give the experience of watching a scheduled channel with curated shows.

    ITVX hosts the first global British Sign Language (BSL) channel, which only has signed programming and will be regularly updated with new and archive programmes.

    There will also be a section for recent news broadcasts, which includes a mixture of short clips and longer reports, coming from ITV News and Good Morning Britain.

    Do you have to pay for ITVX?

    There are two versions of ITVX; a free version and ITVX Premium, which requires a subscription fee.

    The free version of the service will show adverts between and during programmes.

    However, TV fans have the option to upgrade to the ad-free ITVX Premium, for a subscription fee of £5.99 a month or £59.99 a year.

    What do you get with ITVX Premium?

    Subscribers have access to the full range of programmes currently available on BritBox, which is co-owned by ITV, as well as those offered by future content partners.

    That means they can also get access BritBox-exclusive TV shows and movies from rival channels BBC and Channel 4, adding an extra 6,000 hours of content.

    There is currently the option of trying out ITVX Premium in a seven day free trial, but you will be charged as soon as the week is up.

    How do you access ITVX?

    You can access it by visiting itv.com, but it will also be available to download as an app on most devices.

    These include all iOS, Android and Huawei devices, as well as Sky Glass, Sky Stream, Roku, Google Chromecast and any Smart TV.

    ITVX is working on getting access for Freeview, YouView, Freesat and Chromecast customers.

    When you go on to ITVX, it views similar to Netflix, showing trending series and different categories in rows that scroll horizontally.

    You can use the same log-in details from your old ITV Hub account to access the free version of ITVX.

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Science Motion Smoothing: Here's how film fans can turn OFF 'soap opera effect'