24.11.2022
Three foods and drinks that could promote long life – enjoyed by world’s oldest woman

When it comes to longevity it is widely accepted that eating a healthy diet is one way to achieve this. For this many would consider upping the amount of fruit and vegetables and cutting out foods high in fat and sugar. However, the world’s oldest woman revealed she enjoyed three foods and drinks you might not expect.

Before she died, Jeanne revealed she regularly enjoyed olive oil, chocolate and port.

Wellness expert at Eden’s Gate, Tyler Woodard, spoke with Express.co.uk about the benefits of these victuals.

He said: “When asked what her secret to a long life was, she answered with olive oil, port and chocolate, even giving up smoking at the age of 120.

“So what is it exactly about these ingredients Jeanne shared that could be the secret to long living?”

“Olive oil is very well known for its healthy fats and helping to reduce health conditions and diseases,” Mr Woodard said.

“Olive oil is packed with antioxidants which are considered healthier fats, the main substitute is monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs).

“This ingredient can be used with nearly everything you cook if necessary, particularly frying vegetables or meat, a very easy ingredient to add into your meals and one you’re bound to have at home.

“Between one to two tablespoons a day is enough to consume and maintain a healthy lifestyle.”

This was backed by a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology this year.

Researchers from Harvard University concluded that people who consume higher amounts of olive oil may lower their risk of premature death and from specific causes including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and neurodegenerative disease, compared to people who never or almost never consume olive oil.

He explained: “Matching with olive oil, chocolate is packed with antioxidants along with anthocyanins and phenolic acids which all play a role in improving brain power, protecting cells from inflammation and boosting your immune system.

“To further this, dark chocolate in particular plays a distinctive role in your health as it is rich in minerals, such as iron, magnesium and zinc.

“However, chocolate should be consumed in moderation, as too much can cause obesity and cardiovascular disease.

“Research suggests 28 to 50 grams of chocolate is more than enough to gain the health benefits.”

One study, published in the Antioxidants and Redox Signalling journal, found that cocoa could lower the risk of cardiovascular disease through its anti-inflammatory properties, and was full of antioxidants.

It says: “Overall, research to date suggests that the benefits of moderate cocoa or dark chocolate consumption likely outweigh the risks.”

Mr Woodard added: “Port wine is suggested to help with prevention of heart and autoimmune diseases and reduce cholesterol levels due to low levels of iron and calcium.

“This is advised to be drunk in moderation, as too much alcohol can cause health problems and addiction.

“Port also includes anti-inflammatory properties, all contributing to a longer living life.

“Consuming one small glass for women and two small glasses for a man is more than enough, as port wine can be quite strong and slightly more vicious than other wines.”

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  • 54 минуты назад 06.12.2022Health Care
    ‘Be vigilant’: Dr Hilary shares Strep A ‘red flag’ symptoms as ninth child dies

    The number of children who died from a severe Strep A infection has risen to nine since September. While invasive Streptococcus infection is rare, there has been an increase in invasive cases this year, particularly in children under 10. Doctor Hilary Jones has shared the “red flag” symptoms that can help distinguish Strep A from other conditions.

    Speaking on Good Morning Britain, Doctor Hilary said: “Right now, every parent will know children at their children’s school who got runny noses, sore throats, swollen glands, rashes – it’s very very common to have these symptoms.”

    Fortunately, the doctor explained how to tell the difference between Strep A and other problems, with sore throat playing a significant part.

    Doctor Hilary continued: “The best advice I can give is to be vigilant.

    “Look out for the red flag symptoms which are severe sore throat with exudations – white spots at the back of the tonsils.”

    The expert instructed parents to ask their children to open their mouths wide to check for these white spots. “Maybe use the end of the spoon to depress the tongue slightly,” he said.

    This will allow you to see white exudate on the tonsils at the back of your child’s throat.

    Doctor Hilary added: “Look for large glands in the front of the neck.

    “Fever is always going to occur with Strep A infection and sometimes this rash – scarlet fever rash – which is small red bumps that feel like sandpaper. They are brown on brown skin.”

    According to the NHS, the scarlet fever rash can appear 12 to 48 hours after the first signs like fever and sore throat crop up.

    The rash looks like small, raised bumps and usually starts on the chest and the tummy, leaving the skin feeling rough like sandpaper.

    While this tell-tale rash looks red on white skin, it’s harder to see it on brown and black skin but it can still be felt.

    The NHS recommends seeing a GP if your child has symptoms of scarlet fever. Doctor Hilary advised you should express your worries and list your child’s symptoms if you are struggling to get an appointment.

    He said: “Be assertive and say ‘Look I’m very worried about my child because I’m worried about this Streptococcus infection, my child’s got a fever’.

    “Explain what the symptoms are. [Say] ‘My child needs to be seen’.

    Fortunately, life-threatening versions of this bacterial infection remain very rare, despite the rise in deaths.

    Doctor Hilary added: “When you’re reading the papers about invasive strep A, we are talking about rare disease.

    “While it’s killed eight this season, we always see these kinds of complications every year.

    “We saw four deaths in 2017, fewer during the pandemic years, eight this year partly because immunity has gone down.

    “It’s very very unusual to see such serious illnesses – that’s really worth stressing.”

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  • 2 часа, 54 минуты назад 06.12.2022Health Care
    ‘Anti-ageing’ and ‘anti-inflammatory’ – expert highlights health benefits of mulled wine

    Mulled wine is just one of many festive treats many people across the UK will be enjoying this winter. Combining a red wine base with spices such as cinnamon it’s both tasty and synonymous with Christmas. However, in moderation the beverage could have some unexpected health benefits too.

    One expert spoke with Express.co.uk to explain more.

    Nutritional therapist and co-founder of DNApal.me, Victoria Godfrey, explained: “One of the key ingredients to mulled wine is red wine.

    “It contains an antioxidant called resveratrol which comes from the red skin of a grape, it is known for aiding in blood clotting and its anti-inflammatory properties,

    “A 2017 study also found that resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound which is in red wine, may help to slow down the body’s ageing process and is equally good for the heart, along with helping keep the ‘good’ cholesterol or high-density lipoprotein in the blood.

    “Resveratrol also has antioxidants which can fight ageing and age-related diseases such as stroke, heart disease as well as also known for reducing the risk of cancer.

    “So, as you savour that glass of mulled wine, you may be giving your body some health benefits. “

    Ms Godfrey said the added ingredients of mulled wine, such as cinnamon and cloves, gave it “added benefits”.

    “Due to the wonderful array of ingredients in a mulled wine, the herbs and the spices all have various health benefits,” she said.

    “Some of the key ingredients to a mulled wine are whole cloves, cinnamon sticks, star anise, black peppercorns, allspice berries and dried orange peel.

    “The cinnamon in mulled wine has been shown to have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, reducing swelling and restoring normal tissue function.

    “This may help conditions like arthritis. The antioxidants in red wine and in cloves can also help reduce inflammation.

    “Cloves were used in the good old days by dentists as a painkiller.

    “Having the cinnamon and cloves in a drink makes a compound called eugenol, which has local anaesthetic and antiseptic properties that can ease dull pains like toothache.

    “Also, the cinnamon sticks in mulled wine help to balance the blood sugars in the body, it can also help reduce swelling and stomach bloating as well as restoring normal tissue function.

    “A recent study showed that drinking one to three glasses of red wine a day may slim your risk of osteoporosis.

    “Those who drank that measure had greater bone mineral density than that of non-drinkers or heavy drinkers.”

    Ms Godfrey added: “This of course only works if you drink in moderation. Overall, red wine is alcohol, which we all know isn’t that good for us, when drinking over the recommended guidelines.

    “When drinking alcohol, the body converts it to a chemical called acetaldehyde which is a known carcinogen.

    “Your liver still must process it, so may be wise to stick to a glass of water with lemon between each mulled wine, or an herbal tea like dandelion tea, detox while you retox.

    “Although there may be some pleasant upsides to the festive beverage, do drink responsibly.”

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  • 8 часов, 54 минуты назад 06.12.2022Health Care
    NHS hip and knee op improvements cut hospital stays and boost quality of life

    The turnaround since a national review launched by orthopaedic surgeons in 2012 is likely to have saved the NHS hundreds of millions of pounds.

    A study of the changes confirmed two less effective treatments – uncemented hip implants and knee arthroscopy – were not as common now.

    Author Dr Helen Barratt, an expert in public health medicine at UCL, said: “There have been a number of improvements in care for NHS patients undergoing hip and knee replacement surgery in England over the past 10 years.

    “Hospitals are now more likely to use procedures that reflect the best research evidence.

    “For example, older patients undergoing hip replacement surgery are more likely to receive an implant which is secured to healthy bone using bone ‘cement’ – an approach which means the implant is less likely to wear out during their lifetime.”

    Uncemented implants are made from material with a rough surface, allowing bone to grow onto the implant and hold it in place.

    A 2012 report led by surgeon Professor Tim Briggs recommended their use should be reduced in favour of cemented implants which are less likely to need revision.

    He launched the Getting It Right First Time (GIRFT) programme for orthopaedics. Other measures included reducing use of a type of keyhole surgery called knee arthroscopy.

    The UCL-led team analysed data from 700,000 patients who underwent hip or knee surgery at 126 NHS trusts between April 2009 and March 2018. They also interviewed over 50 NHS staff.

    The study, published in BMJ Open, found substantial improvements when comparing the periods 2009-12 and 2015-18.

    There was a 29 per cent drop in the number of uncemented hip implants for over 65s. And use of knee arthroscopy prior to knee replacements fell by 58 per cent.

    Patients’ average levels of function and quality of life six months after surgery improved. And the typical length of hospital stay reduced by around a day.

    Researchers could not say exactly how much GIRFT had caused the changes or to assess the economic impact.

    But the NHS estimates it has cut the number of days orthopaedic patients spend in hospital by a third for hip and knee replacements and 11 per cent for neck fractures.

    This equates to 276,000 fewer bed days per year, likely saving hundreds of millions of pounds over the last decade.

    GIRFT has been expanded across more than 40 medical specialities and Prof Briggs was recently appointed NHS clinical lead for the elective backlog recovery.

    He said: “The UCL study highlights GIRFT’s contribution to improving clinical practice in orthopaedics and we welcome its key findings of improved outcomes for patients undergoing hip and knee procedures over the past ten years.

    “We continue to support clinicians and managers in using GIRFT’s data methodology across more than 40 specialties to deliver real change and ensure that we provide the best quality of treatment and care in the NHS.”

    Dr Wendy Holden, medical advisor at the charity Arthritis Action, said patients could expect fewer complications or unnecessary surgeries.

    She said: “It’s great to see these huge improvements. Orthopaedic surgeons, managers and trusts have worked very hard over the last 10 years to improve surgical care so that it is now high quality, evidence-based and consistent across the country.”

    The improvements are vital for arthritis sufferers who want to know their operation will relieve pain and restore function for many years, Dr Holden said.

    She added: “GIRFT has also saved the NHS hundreds of millions of pounds and improved the efficiency of operating lists.

    “Once the Covid surgical backlog has been cleared, patients with arthritis can expect much shorter waiting times and fewer cancelled procedures.”

    Meanwhile, a report suggests pandemic disruption to NHS operations in 2020 was worse than for any other European health system for which data was available.

    The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s state of health report showed hip replacements in the UK dropped by 46 per cent, knee replacements by 68 per cent and cataract surgery by 47 per cent, compared with 2019.

    The averages across European Union nations were 14, 24 and 23 per cent, respectively.

    The UK also ranked second worst for the drop in cancer surgery with a fall of 26 per cent.

    Lucy Morley Williams waited 18 months for a right hip replacement after a GP referral.

    She has suffered with arthritis for 15 years which caused structural problems in her hips, making her “feel like a wobbly table”.

    Lucy, 53, was eventually treated at a local private hospital, paid for by the NHS as part of a drive to clear the Covid backlog.

    Her surgery in November 2021 went well but her recovery process was complicated.

    After her hip dislocated last December, she spent three hours on the floor waiting for paramedics and then three nights in hospital.

    Lucy said: “I’m now back on crutches and spent long days in the NHS hospital. The care by doctors, nurses, physios, occupational therapists are brilliant.

    “I do feel that St Richards Hospital in West Sussex is deserving of its outstanding rating.

    “I’ve been referred back to the falls team to get specific help for my joints and help to deal with the falls.”

    Lucy said her quality of life had improved since the hip replacement. She has been able to come off very strong painkillers and no longer needs stools around the house to rest on.

    She added: “Arthritis doesn’t get the attention it deserves, as many people see it as something that’s not life-threatening and therefore not as urgent as other illnesses.

    “But the truth is, it’s life-debilitating. I am in constant pain because of my arthritis. The NHS is so stretched these days, and there are just so many people in pain.”

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  • 10 часов, 53 минуты назад 06.12.2022Health Care
    Smokers urged to quit ‘sooner rather than later’ as study highlights blood pressure risk

    A study published in the Journal of Hypertension assessed the impact of the popular habit on cardiovascular health.

    They assessed a document compiled by China Nationwide Ambulatory and Home Blood Pressure Registry in 2020.

    In their conclusion, they wrote: “In summary, the study hints always to collect information on cigarette smoking in all individuals undergoing out-of-office BP measurement. Among smokers, heavy smokers should be considered as a potential target for the screening of masked hypertension, particularly if their office BP is in the normal or high-normal range and if they are middle-aged male individuals.

    “In this context, future research is needed to develop optimal screening strategies and to understand population-level implications of using ABPM or HBPM for the detection of masked hypertension.”

    As a result, the conclusion suggested that those who smoked should be assessed for blood pressure reduction or hypertension prevention measures.

    This is not the first and has certainly not been the last time smoking has been linked with poor cardiovascular health.

    A study conducted by the John Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology concluded that smoking cigarettes doubled the risk of heart failure.

    They wrote that cigarette smoking represented a significant risk factor for both types of heart failure, reduced ejection fraction and preserved ejection fraction.

    Heart failure, says the NHS, is when “the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly” and usually happens “because the heart has become too weak or stiff”.

    Reduced ejection fraction occurs when the left ventricle, the main pump in the heart, fails to contract sufficiently when pumping blood out of the heart while preserved ejection fraction is when that same left ventricle, that same main pump, fails to relax sufficiently after contracting.

    For this study, the researchers looked at records of a 9,500 people who took part in a long running study in four American communities.

    They found the risk of heart failure rose even after participants had stopped smoking and continued on for a number of years.

    Senior study author Professor Kunihiro Matsushita wrote: “These findings underline the importance of preventing smoking in the first place, especially among children and young adults.

    “We hope our results will encourage current smokers to quit sooner rather than later, since the harm of smoking can last for as many as three decades.”

    The main symptoms of heart failure, say the NHS, are:• Breathlessness• Fatigue• Swollen ankles and legs• Feeling lightheaded and fainting.

    However, these aren’t the only the symptoms, less common signs such as a persistent cough, wheezing, bloating, loss of appetite, weight gain, weight loss, confusion, a fast heart rate, and a heart palpitations can also occur.

    For most patients, heart failure is not an easy fix. Like a proverbial broken heart it has to be managed, but unlike that metaphorical one, in almost all cases it cannot be completely mended.

    Treatments for heart failure range from lifestyle changes through to medication, the implanting of devices in the chest, and surgery.

    Lifestyle changes include eating a balanced, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption.

    Alongside this, heart failure can make an individual more susceptible to infections which can makes them more vulnerable during the winter months to cold and flu viruses.

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  • 10 часов, 54 минуты назад 06.12.2022Health Care
    Sign in your back that ‘doesn’t go away with rest’ could signal advanced prostate cancer

    Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the UK, accounting for around 52,300 new cases every year. It is also one of the most deadly forms of the disease, causing the second-highest amount of deaths among men in the UK. Therefore, if you notice any of the signs it is important to get them checked as soon as possible.

    Unfortunately symptoms don’t always appear in the early stages of prostate cancer.

    In fact you can live for years with the disease without realising.

    Cancer Research UK explains: “Most prostate cancers start in the outer part of the prostate gland.

    “This means that to cause symptoms, the cancer needs to be big enough to press on the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis. This is called urethra.”

    However, if the cancer does start pressing on the urethra you might experience:

    These symptoms could be caused by other issues though – but it is still important to get it checked out.

    Other patients will only experience signs of prostate cancer once it has spread to other parts of the body.

    This includes pain in the back or bones that doesn’t go away even with rest.

    Other symptoms of metastatic (meaning it has spread) prostate cancer are:

    If you notice any of these signs Cancer Research UK recommends seeking medical help.

    Depending on your symptoms, your doctor might carry out a PSA blood test as high levels of the protein in your blood can be an indicator of cancer.

    They might also examine your prostate gland, to decide if a referral to a specialist is required.

    MRI scans are also used sometimes to assess the prostate for possible problems, though biopsies can be necessary for further assessment.

    There are a number of options available depending on how severe your cancer is.

    The cause of prostate cancer is not known exactly, however certain factors can increase your risk.

    These include:

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  • 10 часов, 54 минуты назад 06.12.2022Health Care
    A warm drink before bed could help you sleep with a cold – ‘loosens up’ congestion

    Many of us struggle to sleep at certain points in our lives due a variety of reasons. And as the weather gets colder the added issue of dealing with winter illnesses can wreak havoc with our sleeping patterns. However, there are ways to aid sleep in spite of the symptoms brought on by colds or flu.

    Nic Shacklock from Online Bedrooms explained: “It can be really tough to fall asleep when you’re feeling under the weather.

    “Common cold and flu symptoms can keep you up at night and the lack of sleep can also make us feel even worse the next day.

    “Doing things like elevating your head with pillows and having a warm drink before bed can help to relieve some symptoms, helping you get a better night’s sleep and hopefully you’ll be over that cold before you know it.”

    He shared seven tips for getting to sleep while battling winter illnesses below.

    Try to have a warm drink about an hour and half before bed, this will help soothe a sore throat and will loosen up any congestion you may have.

    Things like ginger tea and hot water with lemon or honey are good options.

    Lying completely flat can cause a build up of mucus in your throat which is what triggers coughing at night.

    To prevent this from happening prop yourself up on two pillows.

    Avoid using too many pillows as this can cause a strain on your neck.

    Keep your room at a consistent temperature

    The temperature of the room is a key factor in how well we sleep.

    The optimum temperature is around 19C so it’s important to stick to this.

    Make sure you’re sleeping with blankets that you can easily remove if you begin to feel too warm.

    Menthol rubs can’t get rid of any congestion but they are good for giving you some temporary relief which can be helpful when trying to nod off.

    Just gently rub a generous amount on your neck and chest before bed.

    Try to have some over-the-counter medicine in the late evening.

    This way the medication should kick in before bed providing you with some temporary relief to fall asleep.

    If you prefer natural remedies then essential oils are a great option. Oils like peppermint, lavender and eucalyptus are good for relieving cold and flu symptoms.

    Place a few drops of oil into a bowl of steaming water, place your head a few inches away from it and inhale.

    You might be tempted to rely on a nightcap to help you drift off to sleep but this isn’t ideal if you’re unwell.

    Not only should you be avoiding alcohol when taking medication but it can also worsen symptoms like a sore throat.

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Health Care Three foods and drinks that could promote long life - enjoyed by world's oldest woman