25.11.2022
The stomach sign that could be an ‘early’ indication of Covid in vaccinated patients

While the Covid vaccines are very effective at reducing your risk of serious illness from the pesky virus, they are no silver bullet. Getting vaccinated sadly doesn’t mean you can dodge coronavirus entirely. One of the signs that targets those with a Covid vaccine can crop up when it’s mealtime.

From a runny nose to fever, Covid stirs up the usual symptoms pointing to an ongoing illness but signs can also strike in your tummy.

One of the “early” symptoms of the virus is skipping meals or loss of appetite, according to the Zoe Covid Study App, which monitors the dominant Covid symptoms through patient reports.

Loss of appetite includes not feeling hungry, eating much less than usual, or not eating at all.

What’s more, the data from Zoe reports that this sign can also target those who’ve had their three coronavirus jabs.

According to the research app, loss of appetite was first spotted in care homes, where carers noticed the residents’ reluctance to eat.

They were either off their food or had a smaller appetite during the ongoing infection.

“A loss of appetite is a normal part of being unwell and can be caused by feeling too sick or tired to make or eat a meal,” Zoe notes.

While this symptom is considered as one of the “early” Covid red flags, it also tends to come back a few days into your illness.

While skipping meals was more prevalent early in the pandemic, the sign can still crop up even now.

Zoe explains that vaccines have curbed this a bit but loss of appetite still targets around 25 to 27 percent of patients after three doses of the vaccine.

This stomach sign is also linked to the most prevalent variant in the UK – Omicron.

Zoe advises: “It’s not necessary to force yourself to eat if you don’t feel like it but it’s very important to keep drinking liquids to help replace the water lost as your body fights off the infection.”

READ MORE: The toilet sign that’s an ‘early’ indicator of Covid – visible on ‘first day’ of infection

See the latest Covid vaccine stats below and visit InYourArea for all the Covid vaccine latest

Skipping meals isn’t the only warning sign that can strike in your stomach.

A whole cluster of tummy issues was identified at the beginning of the pandemic, including nausea and diarrhoea.

Zoe notes that these symptoms tend to be accompanied by signs such as headaches, loss of smell, sore throat, chest pain but no cough.

“We also discovered that people with more severe Covid had loss of appetite alongside confusion, or clustered with shortness of breath, diarrhoea and abdominal pain, and were more likely to end up in hospital,” the research app states.

According to Zoe, the most prevalent signs in those with two jabs are:

Although Covid symptoms in vaccinated and unvaccinated seem to be “similar”, those with their jabs report fewer signs and shorter duration of the illness.

“Curiously, we noticed that people who had been vaccinated and then tested positive for COVID-19 were more likely to report sneezing as a symptom compared with those without a jab,” the research app adds.

While there’s no need to self-isolate by the law, the NHS still asks people to stay at home and avoid contact with others if infected with the virus.

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  • 3 часа, 16 минут назад 09.12.2022Health Care
    Live longer: Study finds you may be able to prolong your lifespan in just 60 seconds

    There is a widespread belief that the benefits of vigorous activity are gained solely through physical activity that is structured. In other words, it is understood that activities like going to the gym or running for prolonged periods are most conducive to achieving noticeable results. The findings of a new study, however, throw this belief into question.

    New findings published in the journal Nature Medicine suggest that small bouts of incidental activity lasting no longer than 60 seconds could benefit healthspan.

    Naturally, the steepest gains are obtained by individuals who do numerous bouts of activity throughout the day.

    However, the findings suggest vigorous intermittent lifestyle physical activity (VILPA) could provide enough benefit to prolong lifespan.

    Scientists discovered that just three to four ‘one-minute’ bouts of VILPA every day is associated with a 40 percent reduction in death from all causes.

    They also observed a 49 percent reduction in the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease among these groups.

    The maximum of 11 bouts of VILPA per day was associated with a 65 percent reduction in the risk of cardiovascular health, and a 49 percent reduction in all-cause death.

    VILPA is not too dissimilar to high-intensity interval training (HIIT), a popular exercise regime that involves doing intervals of exercise ranging between 10 seconds and eight minutes.

    HIIT is well-known for its ability to burn calories, lose weight, build muscle, and benefit cardiovascular health by lowering blood pressure and blood sugar.

    A key difference between HITT and VILPA is that most individuals do the latter without making a conscious physical effort.

    Taking the stairs, running to catch a bus, or doing high-energy tasks like gardening all qualify as forms of VILPA, as they trigger an increase in heart rate.

    The latest study is the first to accurately measure the benefits of these types of physical activity on the human body.

    This was achieved with a comparative analysis of 62,000 people who regularly engaged in physical activity, 89 percent of whom did VILPA.

    Among those who did VILPA, 93 percent of exercise bouts lasted up to a minute, with each bout lasting 45 seconds on average.

    Most participants did approximately eight 60-second-long VILPA each day, totalling six minutes per day.

    Lead author Emmanuel Stamatakis, Professor of Physical Activity, Lifestyleand Population Health at the University of Sydney’s Charles Perkins Center said the benefits of VILPA are comparable to those seen with HIIT.

    The professor added: “Our study shows similar benefits to high-intensity interval training (HIIT) can be through the intensity of incidental activity done as part of daily living, and the more the better.

    “A few very short bouts totalling three to four minutes a day could go a long way, and there may be daily activities that can be tweaked to raise your heart rate for a minute or so.

    “Upping the intensity of daily activities requires no time commitment, no preparation, no club memberships, no special skills.

    “It simply involves stepping up the pace while walking or doing the housework with a bit more energy.”

    Though all types of exercise offer health benefits, the range of benefits can be broadened by coupling various types of exercise.

    What the study shows, however, is that the conditions under which these tasks are completed are unlikely to compromise the benefits for our health.

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  • 3 часа, 16 минут назад 09.12.2022Health Care
    Strep A: Latest updates on UK outbreak, from deaths to symptoms, treatments and more

    The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) says there is no evidence that a new strain of Strep A, or Group A Streptococcus (GAS), is circulating in the UK. But a recent rise in cases have alarmed parents and medical professionals after more than 10 children under the age of 15 have died from the invasive illness this year.

    Express Health brings you an in-depth guide to Group A Strep including symptoms, treatment and the latest news of the UK outbreak. Read on to find out more, or click the table of contents above.

    Strep A, or Group A Streptococcus, describes a bacteria that targets the throat and nose. The bacteria is very common and lots of people will have it unknowingly. However, it can trigger infection characterised by symptoms like sore throat and swollen glands.

    The bacterial culprit can also lead to other complications, such as scarlet fever, strep throat and impetigo. Despite the rise in deaths this winter, life-threatening outcomes of Strep A are very rare.

    Both the NHS and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention don’t differentiate between adults and children when it comes to symptoms.

    The inside of your or your child’s throat could reveal the bacterial infection, with the back of the throat often showing white spots or streaks of pus. You can also notice red and swollen tonsils. Furthermore, strep throat can start very quickly and cause you pain when you swallow.

    According to the health bodies, the most “common symptoms” of strep A include:

    The NHS said: “Most strep A infections are not serious and can be treated with antibiotics. But rarely, the infection can cause serious problems. This is called invasive group A strep (iGAS).”

    Dr Colin Brown, deputy director of the UKHSA, said: “Very rarely, the bacteria can get into the bloodstream and cause more serious illness called invasive Group A strep.

    “We know that this is concerning for parents, but I want to stress that while we are seeing an increase in cases in children, this remains very uncommon.”

    If your child has symptoms of this infection, visit NHS.uk, contact 111 online or your GP surgery so they can be assessed for treatment.

    Group A strep bacteria are considered to be very contagious, spreading through coughs, sneezes, wounds and close contact.

    Patients who are infected with the bacteria can spread it by talking, coughing, or sneezing, which creates respiratory droplets filled with the culprit.

    Furthermore, it usually takes two to five days for someone exposed to Strep A bacteria to become ill.

    Antibiotics, which are the main treatment for the bacterial infection, have been running in short supply, according to reports from some pharmacies. However, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak has insisted that this is not the case.

    The Prime Minister told MPs: “There are no current shortages of drugs available to treat this and there are well-established procedures in place to ensure that that remains the case.”

    Earlier this week, Health Secretary Steve Barclay said that checks within the Department of Health and Social Care had not revealed an issue with the supply of the medicines

    But some pharmacies continue to claim that certain penicillin types are in short supply, including liquid formulas that are easier for children to swallow. The National Pharmacy Association has warned there have been “blips” in the supply chain of liquid penicillin.

    New NHS guidance currently states that solid antibiotics can be sprinkled on food and given to children if the liquid versions are out of stock.

    The latest reports on December 9 show that 15 children have now died from Strep A in Britain since September. Health bosses have also confirmed today that four adults have also died, all in the South West, from Strep A infections.

    The UKHSA said: “Latest data released by UKHSA today shows that there have been 440 cases of Scarlet Fever and 65 cases of iGAS in the South West from weeks 37 to 48.

    “There have sadly also been four recorded deaths within seven days of an iGAS diagnosis in the South West in that period. These deaths have been in adults.”

    The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) has said there is no evidence that a new strain is circulating and that the rise in cases is most likely due to high amounts of circulating bacteria and increased social mixing.

    In rare cases, streptococcus can get into the bloodstream and cause an illness called invasive Group A strep (iGAS). According to the UKHSA, there has been an increase in cases like this so parents should be on “the lookout” for any telltale symptoms and see a doctor as “quickly as possible” so that their child can be treated promptly.

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  • 5 часов, 17 минут назад 09.12.2022Health Care
    Lymphadenitis ‘most common’ symptom of Strep A to spot as 15 children die in Britain

    Despite life-threatening complications being rare, 15 children have now died from Strep A in Britain since September. Health experts stress the bacterial infection doesn’t usually cause severe disease but warn symptom awareness is front and centre. Fortunately, lymphadenitis, which is considered a very common sign, could help identify the culprit.

    Strep A, also known as Group A Streptococcus, describes bacteria most commonly found in the throat and nose.

    The bacterial infection can trigger a number of problems, ranging from scarlet fever to tonsillitis.

    Navin Khosla, Medical Writer at NiceRx, said: “The bacterium is very common and lots of people will have it unknowingly, but in some cases, it can spread to others who may have an increased chance of becoming ill from the infection.

    “However, in most cases health issues caused by Strep A are mild.”

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the “most common” symptom of Strep A is lymphadenitis.

    Lymphadenitis, or swollen lymph nodes, describes the enlargement in one or more glands in the front of the neck.

    Lymph nodes are packed with white blood cells that help your body fight infections. These glands usually become infected because of an infection that started somewhere else in your body.

    Other red flag symptoms that can crop up around this area are swollen tonsils, sore throat and white spots or streaks of pus at the back of the throat.

    Strep throat usually starts very quickly and it can become quite severe, leaving your child in a lot of pain.

    The CDC explains that this type of pain can also be accompanied by pain when swallowing.

    Apart from tell-tale signs in your neck and throat, Strep A also causes symptoms, including:

    Mr Khosla said: “If your child starts to experience any of these symptoms, then it’s important that you contact NHS 111 or your GP and keep them away from others for the time being.

    “It’s important to contact a health professional during the early stages as antibiotics can be prescribed, which will help to reduce more complicated health issues as a result of the infection.”

    While life-threatening complications are rare, the bacteria can penetrate the blood and stir up serious problems.

    Duncan Reid, Pharmacist at Pharmacy2U, said: “In very rare occasions, the bacteria can get into the bloodstream and cause an illness called invasive Group A strep (iGAS).

    “While still uncommon, there has been an increase in invasive Group A strep cases this year, particularly in children under 10.”

    The main treatment for the bacterial infection is antibiotics which can help you or your child get better quicker and reduce your risk of serious problems.

    However, nine types of drugs routinely prescribed are reportedly in short supply. Many antibiotics running short are liquid formulas.

    New NHS guidance says that solid antibiotics can be sprinkled on food and given to children if the liquid versions are out of stock.

    The Prime Minister has insisted there is no shortage as the bacterial infection continues to roam through the UK.

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  • 7 часов, 17 минут назад 09.12.2022Health Care
    ‘Landmark moment’ as breast cancer drug found to shrink tumours – thousands could be saved

    Up to 8,000 cancer patients in the UK could receive a game-changing drug shown to shrink tumours and slow the progression of the disease, experts have said. A trial of 700 people yielded “fantastic” results after showing the drug could double the amount of time it takes before the disease progresses. Both patients with the advanced form and most common form of breast cancer could benefit from the treatment, when taken alongside hormone therapy.

    The findings of a phase III clinical trial were presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium on Thursday.

    As part of the trial, 355 patients received the drug alongside fulvestrant, a common hormone therapy administered to patients with progressing disease.

    Capivarsertib appeared to complement the hormone therapy by inhibiting the activity of cancer-driving protein molecule AKT.

    When coupled with hormone therapy, researchers found the drug shrank tumours in 23 percent of patients, compared with 12 percent of those who received a placebo.

    Another key finding was that the time of progress of the disease in these patients grew from 3.6 month to 7.2 months.

    Professor Kristian Helin, chief executive of the ICR, said: “This is a landmark moment for the treatment of advanced forms of the most common type of breast cancer.

    “Capivasertib could offer a completely new treatment option for these patients.

    “This is a major success story for UK science – the discovery and development of capivasertib showcases the benefits of collaboration between academia, charities, and industry to bring game-changing new treatments to people with cancer as quickly as possible.”

    For the trial, an additional 355 patients received the common fulvestranttreatment with a placebo.

    This helped prove that the new drug regime was most effective in patients with mutations to their AKT signalling pathways.

    In this group, 29 percent saw their tumours shrink, compared to 10 percentwho received the placebo.

    Nick Turner, professor of molecular oncology at the ICR and consultant oncologist at the Royal Marsden, who led the study, described the findings as “fantastic”.

    He added: “Even with the best current treatments, people with this type of advanced breast cancer will eventually see their cancer stop responding to treatment and it will progress.

    “We’re delighted that this potential first-in-class drug combined with hormone therapy can lower the progression of these advanced cancers, and in almost a third of cases can shrink tumours.

    “We believe this new treatment could allow more women and men to live well and live longer with breast cancer.”

    The drug is currently being manufactured by AstraZeneca after completing a programme of drug discovery research at the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) in London.

    According to Cancer Research UK, one in seven females will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime.

    There are approximately 56,000 new cases diagnosed every year, which equates to 150 per day.

    Fortunately, death rates for the disease have steadily decreased since 1989, marking an overall decline of 43 percent through 2020.

    After diagnosis, it is estimated around 75 percent of women will survive their cancer for 10 years or more.

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  • 9 часов, 16 минут назад 09.12.2022Health Care
    ‘I can’t see’: Dame Judi Dench opens up about her ‘bad enough’ health condition

    Dame Judi Dench has worked on both stage and screen since the late 1950s. Back in 2012, the acting legend was diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration, or AMD for short. While this condition doesn’t cause total blindness, it makes everyday activities like reading and recognising faces tricky. However, the 87-year-old said she won’t let this “bad enough” condition stop her remarkable career, despite not being able to see properly.

    Labelled a national treasure, Dench has opened up about the eye condition that runs in her family during an interview with Louis Theroux for BBC Two.

    When asked about her acting plans for the future, she said: “I’m not doing anything much at the moment because I can’t see.”

    She explained that this decline in her vision is caused by age-related macular degeneration that her mother also had.

    According to the NHS, this “common condition” targets the middle part of your vision and usually first affects people in their 50s and 60s.

    AMD can make anything from reading to driving difficult, with symptoms including:

    The James Bond star explained that her AMD is “bad enough” and it makes her eyesight “fuzzy”.

    She even recalled a dinner party, where she couldn’t see what was on her plate. Dench said: “I went to a dinner a few weeks ago – a rather important dinner.

    “It was so dark that I said to David, who was next to me, ‘Have I anything on my plate’?

    “He said ‘Yes’ and I said ‘Does it need cutting up’?

    “He said ‘Yes’ and I said ‘Would you do it’?

    “He handed something to me on the fork and that’s the way I ate. I don’t even know if I finished it.”

    Reading lines as well as spatial awareness are extremely important for a theatre star like Dench. However, she’s not letting her condition stop her from acting endeavours.

    Dench told Theroux: “I’ve got to teach myself a new way of learning because I have a photographic memory.

    “So, a person saying to me ‘This is your line’ and I can do that, and I have many people who will help me. Nevertheless, I realise that I need to know where it is on the page.

    “I’ll teach myself a way, I know I will as long as I don’t trip over doing it.”

    Dench had also revealed in a previous interview that she now also prints all of her scripts in 22-point font and takes a friend to the cinema so they can tell her what is going on.

    She said: “On my scripts, my font is point-size 22, so you can imagine… if we’re doing a sonnet of 14 lines, all the others will have one page and I’ll have 14!

    “It’s ridiculous, it’s a farce, but I’m not going to give in.”

    Fortunately, the acting royalty is not planning to retire any time soon, despite her failing eyesight.

    There is currently no cure for AMD but treatments and various visual aids may help patients to carry out daily tasks, depending on what type of AMD they have and how bad it is.

    From eye injections to a light treatment called photodynamic therapy, there are different interventions that could help stop your vision from getting worse, according to the NHS.

    Dench added: “I’m not going to be beaten by my eyes for instance. I have macular degeneration, which means treatment every six weeks, but you just have to settle for it.”

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  • 9 часов, 16 минут назад 09.12.2022Health Care
    Doctor on 13 dangers of vaping – ‘Increased risk of cardiovascular issues in adults’

    Research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions in October 2022 highlighted the potential harms of vaping, including raised blood pressure. “When you have a study indicating that vaping brings an increased risk of cardiovascular issues in adults, you have to wonder what the effects of prolonged vaping will be,” Doctor Fisher pondered. “Prolonged high blood pressure comes with an increased risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke, eye and kidney problems, and heart failure,” he added.

    “Unsurprisingly, there’s an effect on their respiratory system, too.”

    People who vape are more likely to suffer from a chronic cough compared to those who do not vape or smoke.

    “Vaping can also reduce the function of the lungs overall,” warned Doctor Fisher.

    “When you have evidence like this, it’s clear that those who believe vaping is just ‘water vapour’ are sorely mistaken,” he stated.

    For those who are vaping and coughing, Doctor Fisher said the “simple answer would be to stop or to cut down on vaping”.

    Understanding that this “isn’t something everyone can just do”, he advises to drink more water.

    Alternatively, coughing “may be a sign that you need to lower the amount of nicotine in your vapes”.

    At present, there are many disposable vapes that contain 20mg/ml of nicotine, but there are options to have liquids containing “zero, three, six or 12mg/ml”.

    Doctor Fisher revealed that 20mg/ml is equivalent to “around 40 cigarettes worth”.

    “When it comes to oral health, the use of e-cigarettes has been found to be massively linked to cases of gum disease,” Doctor Fisher pointed out.

    There have also been reports of issues with oral health, such as developing mouth ulcers.

    “Vaping can indeed lead to mouth ulcers, for a couple of reasons,” said Doctor Fisher.

    “The main one is that vaping causes your mouth to dry out, which can lead to your mouth and gums becoming easily irritated. Therefore, you may have a higher chance of developing ulcers.

    “Vaping has also been shown to alter the bacteria within your mouth, which can make you even more susceptible to developing sores and ulcers.”

    Chronic nicotine exposure seems to have a “detrimental effect” on the brain, which can increase the risk of depression.

    In terms of people concerned about second-hand smoke from vaping, Doctor Fisher said “the research is still ongoing”.

    Thus, it’s advisable to “avoid vaping around children and pregnant people”.

    At present, though, vaping products release water vapour “and not tobacco smoke”, so the “usual associated risks of second-hand smoke don’t apply here”.

    People still need to be aware that vaping “could further someone’s nicotine dependency if left unchecked”.

    13 dangers of vaping:

    The health body says: “Nicotine vaping is substantially less harmful than smoking. It’s also one of the most effective tools for quitting smoking.

    “Vaping is not recommended for non-smokers and young people because it is not completely harmless.”

    Common side effects can include:

    “Ideally, if you are vaping to quit smoking, you should aim to eventually stop vaping too,” the NHS says.

    Doctor Brian Fisher is the Clinical Director at the wellness app Evergreen Life.

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Health Care The stomach sign that could be an 'early' indication of Covid in vaccinated patients