24.11.2022
Simple scarf hack to breathe in warmer air – reduces risk of heart attack this winter

Heart attacks are a medical emergency that occur when blood supply to the heart is cut off – often because of a clot. You are more at risk of a heart attack if you have coronary heart disease, meaning major blood vessels to the heart have become clogged with cholesterol. However, this risk is increased further in the winter due to a number of reasons.

As temperatures drop our bodies adjust to hold onto core heat and stay warm.

But this adjustment can be more difficult for those with a heart condition.

The British Heart Foundation (BHF) explains: “The cold weather takes away your body heat so your heart needs to work harder to keep you warm.

“Your blood vessels will narrow so your heart can focus on pumping blood to your brain and other major organs.”

Cold weather can cause:

There are simple steps you can take to protect yourself in the winter if you have concerns about your heart, as recommended by the BHF.

One of these involves wrapping your scarf “loosely” around your mouth and nose to ensure the air you breathe in is warm.

Alternatively you could also use a face mask for this.

If you are suffering with angina – or chest pain – this can help ease the symptoms in the cold weather.

Angina is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscles and is a warning sign that you could be at risk of a heart attack or stroke.

To prevent your risk of heart attack it is also important to wrap up in warm layers of clothing, including a scarf, to maintain your core temperature.

The BHF says: “Keep your home warm and stay indoors as much as you can when it’s very cold. Layer up with socks, jumpers and blankets.

“You could use a hot water bottle or an electric blanket.

“Stay active indoors to build up your core temperature and boost your immune system.

“Have regular hot meals and drinks to give your body the energy it needs to keep you warm.

“A bowl of homemade vegetable soup can be healthy and filling. You could also try our healthy dinners for cold winter nights.”

Symptoms of a heart attack include:

There are a number of factors that can raise your risk of a heart attack.

To lower your chances, the NHS advises:

It adds: “Call 999 for an ambulance if you have chest pain that does not stop after a few minutes.”

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    ‘Landmark moment’ as breast cancer drug found to shrink tumours – thousands could be saved

    Up to 8,000 cancer patients in the UK could receive a game-changing drug shown to shrink tumours and slow the progression of the disease, experts have said. A trial of 700 people yielded “fantastic” results after showing the drug could double the amount of time it takes before the disease progresses. Both patients with the advanced form and most common form of breast cancer could benefit from the treatment, when taken alongside hormone therapy.

    The findings of a phase III clinical trial were presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium on Thursday.

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    Capivarsertib appeared to complement the hormone therapy by inhibiting the activity of cancer-driving protein molecule AKT.

    When coupled with hormone therapy, researchers found the drug shrank tumours in 23 percent of patients, compared with 12 percent of those who received a placebo.

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    Professor Kristian Helin, chief executive of the ICR, said: “This is a landmark moment for the treatment of advanced forms of the most common type of breast cancer.

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    Dame Judi Dench has worked on both stage and screen since the late 1950s. Back in 2012, the acting legend was diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration, or AMD for short. While this condition doesn’t cause total blindness, it makes everyday activities like reading and recognising faces tricky. However, the 87-year-old said she won’t let this “bad enough” condition stop her remarkable career, despite not being able to see properly.

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    Expert recommends eating nuts to slash risk of blood clots – backed by studies

    A certain amount of blood clotting is necessary in the body as it prevents excessive bleeding when you suffer a cut. Blood clots are small clumps of blood that form into a king of gel. Those that don’t dissolve naturally are of concern.

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    A number of factors can put you at greater risk of developing blood clots including being overweight, smoking and if you’re unable to move around much – such as following an operation.

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    According to one expert, eating nuts could do this.

    Registered dietician at JustCBD, Nataly Komova, explained: “Nuts are high in Omega-3 fatty acids that total and low-density lipoprotein or “bad” cholesterol levels.

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    Her claim was supported by a study published in Nutrients journal in 2019.

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    A separate paper, published in Diabetes Care in 2011, found that eating nuts not only helped control blood sugar, but lowered cholesterol levels.

    As part of the research participants were split into three groups.

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    The consumption of nuts has also been recommended to lower the risk of blood clots by the Mayo Clinic.

    The clinic says: “Regularly eating a healthy diet that includes nuts may decrease the risk of blood clots, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes.”

    It also cites other health benefits of nuts, saying they can:

    You are more at risk of blood clots if you:

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  • 8 часов, 51 минута назад 09.12.2022Health Care
    Waking up tired? Experts warn it could be a red flag of advanced liver damage

    Waking up tired can be unnerving, especially if you’ve had your full eight hours of sleep. According to the NHS, the causes of daytime sleepiness are usually not serious: long hours spent at work and too many late nights are the common culprits. But in some cases, it can be down to the progress of fatty liver disease.

    Fatty liver disease can be caused by drinking too much booze or other things such as obesity.

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    Cirrhosis is thought to cause daytime sleepiness although experts aren’t certain about the reason behind this link. Many researchers, such as Doctor Montagnese of the University of Padova, think it could be down to this buildup of toxins.

    In a review titled Sleep-wake abnormalities in patients with cirrhosis, Doctor Montagnese wrote: “A considerable proportion of patients with cirrhosis exhibit insomnia, delayed sleep habits, and excessive daytime sleepiness.”

    She added that this may be down to the buildup of a toxin called ammonia in the blood, which eventually spread to the brain causing changes that are behind sleep disruption.

    One study published in the journal Hepatology found that healthy people and cirrhosis patients with high levels of ammonia in their blood had a “significant increase in daytime sleepiness”.

    The researchers from the Dipartimento di Medicina in Padova, Italy, and the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology in Zurich, Switzerland, stimulated people to produce ammonia in their bodies by giving them a protein mixture.

    It found increased sleepiness in both groups, indicating that the presence of ammonia in the blood is responsible for the effect.

    Doctor Montagnese, who was also involved in the study, said that “subjective sleepiness” could be used as a “marker” of serious liver complications as a result of the study.

    The effect is thought to also be down to your liver failing to break down the sleep hormone melatonin during the day.

    Melatonin is a sleep hormone that populates your brain during sleep. Normal nighttime levels of melatonin are roughly 10 times higher than during the day.

    But during cirrhosis, levels can build up, which could be responsible for daytime sleepiness.

    One study also found that poor liver health could also result in a delay in the melatonin peak at night, resulting in sleep disruption.

    But it isn’t just sleep that is affected by advanced liver disease.

    According to the British Liver Trust, the “early symptoms” of the buildup of toxins in your brain include confusion and forgetfulness.

    Experts suggest that you should check for other symptoms if you’re waking up tired.

    The other signs of cirrhosis include vomiting blood, your skin and the whites of your eyes turning yellow, and tarry-looking stools.

    Cirrhosis can develop following years of suffering fatty liver disease (acute cirrhosis) or in a matter of days or weeks. Acute cirrhosis is normally caused by conditions like hepatitis B or C or as a side effect of prescription medications.

    The NHS says: “If a GP suspects cirrhosis, they’ll check your medical history and do a physical examination to look for signs of long-term liver disease.”

    There’s no cure for cirrhosis but there are ways it can be managed and slowed down.

    Doctors may encourage you to quit drinking or lose weight if you’re overweight.

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Health Care Simple scarf hack to breathe in warmer air - reduces risk of heart attack this winter