22.09.2022
Cancer: The feeling after ‘drinking or eating’ suggestive of stomach cancer – initial sign

Stomach cancer is among the most common and deadly around the world, particularly among older males. This deadliness is partly owed to the absence of symptoms in the initial stages when treatment is most effective. What’s more, warning signs are largely non-specific, making them hard to pin on the disease. Recognising them early, however, could have life-saving implications.

Stomach cancer is often symptomless until it’s in the advanced stages when the prognosis of the disease is poor.

Subtle bodily changes, including pain and discomfort, may occur early on, however.

Pain is a common affliction among cancer patients, but the pain that characterises stomach cancer has specific traits.

In stomach cancer, it tends to strike specifically after eating and drinking, and in specific parts of the body.

The MSD Manuals explains: “Initial symptoms of stomach cancer are nonspecific, often consisting of dyspepsia suggestive of peptic ulcer.”

The term dyspepsia, which also refers to indigestion, describes discomfort or pain in the upper abdomen after eating or drinking.

It is a common symptom, characterised by bloating, discomfort, feeling too full, nausea and gas, which affects roughly 30 percent of the population.

In stomach cancer, dyspepsia is likely to be noticeable after eating just a small meal.

“Patients and physicians alike tend to dismiss symptoms or treat the patient for acid disease,” explains the MSD Manuals.

“Later, early satiety, fullness after ingesting a small amount of food) may occur if the cancer obstructs the pyloric region.”

Early satiety may subsequently lead to loss of weight or strength following dietary restrictions.

The National Organisation for Rare Disorders states that stomach cancer is a slow-growing disease that usually develops over a year or longer.

It adds: “The signs and symptoms can vary greatly from one person to another.”

These factors depend greatly on the location and extent of the tumours, as well as the specific organs involved.

Despite the prevalence of stomach cancer, researchers remain unsure of what causes the disease.

It is understood, however, that it occurs when something damages the inner lining of the stomach.

Lifestyle factors, including nutrition, body weight, physical activity and alcohol use, may all contribute to this damage.

Studies have found an increased risk of gastric cancer following frequent intake of rice, salted meat, stewed meat, white bread and potatoes.

Diets that emphasise fruits, legumes and vegetables, however, could offer protection against the disease.

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  • 2 часа, 39 минут назад 25.09.2022Health Care
    Five key tips to live longer and healthier in older age

    Navin Khosla, a medical expert, recommends five key tips to help improve longevity, beginning with eating plant-based foods. “Foods such as nuts, fruit, vegetables, wholegrains and other plant food are packed with nutrients and antioxidants which are essential for the body,” said Khosla. “Studies have shown that a number of these foods can reduce the risks of cancer, heart disease and more, which will improve your quality of life.”

    Khosla also advises to “monitor your calories”, as obesity can be a risk factor for numerous ailments, including type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

    Generally, the NHS recommends men to consume 2,500 calories daily to maintain their weight while women should consume 2,000 calories every day.

    If you are overweight, healthy weight loss consists of losing up to two pounds per week (and no more).

    Weight loss can be achieved by burning more calories than you consume every day.

    “Studies have suggested that 15 minutes of exercise each day could add an additional three years to your life,” Khosla expanded.

    “As well as the risk of premature death decreasing around four percent for every 15 minutes of exercises endured.

    “Whether it’s a workout in the gym or a brisk walk, there are many benefits associated with exercise.”

    Another tip from Khosla is to “create a strong sleep routine” to enhance longevity.

    “Good quality sleep is great for your health, but it’s important to get the right amount,” he said.

    “If possible, try to go to sleep and wake up around the same time every day and avoid sleeping in late during the weekends.”

    Bear in mind that “sleeping more than nine hours could lower your lifespan by around 38 percent”.

    Five tips for longevity:

    These “simple lifestyle changes” can help to improve your physical and mental health, increasing the chances of living a long and happy life.

    For more information on how to live well into older life, visit the NHS website.

    The health body offers information on improving your sleep, eating well, and exercise.

    Navin Khosla is the Medical Writer at NiceRx.

    These “simple lifestyle changes” can help to improve your physical and mental health, increasing the chances of living a long and happy life.

    For more information on how to live well into older life, visit the NHS website.

    The health body offers information on improving your sleep, eating well, and exercise.

    Navin Khosla is the Medical Writer at NiceRx.

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  • 2 часа, 39 минут назад 25.09.2022Health Care
    Dementia: The common cooking ingredient which could double your risk – ‘Destructive’

    The number of dementia cases is set to triple by 2050 as populations around the world get older. However, age isn’t the only driver of cognitive decline. Research has also tied chilli peppers to a higher risk of the mind-robbing condition.

    Whether you use it as a defining flavour for your curry or an extra fiery kick for your marinade, capsaicin is the main pungent ingredient in chilli that gives it its hot taste.

    Sadly, for the lovers of heat out there, this chemical is also what’s been linked to cognitive decline.

    Nutritionist Rory Batt said: “Capsaicin has been found in a couple of studies to lead to (neuronal) cell death through a phenomenon known as excitotoxicity.

    “Basically, very high dose capsaicin can cause an excessive and prolonged release of cellular calcium via activating a receptor called TRPV1, which initiates a cascade of events eventually leading to cell death. This is known as excitotoxicity.

    “Because cognitive decline is in part underpinned by neurodegeneration (the death of neuronal cells), then there is possibility capsaicin could play a role [in cognitive decline] via this mechanism.”

    Furthermore, the nutritionist isn’t the only one to highlight the potentially “destructive” effects of chillies.

    According to research, published in the journal Nutrients, the spicy ingredient could almost double your risk of dementia.

    Looking at more than 4,852 Chinese adults, the researchers determined that eating more than 50 grams of chilli a day was associated with an increased risk.

    The participants’ chilli intake was assessed by a three-day food record during home visits.

    Although the research has placed a red flag on chillies, the researchers also shared that further studies are needed to draw a firm conclusion.

    However, you might not want to throw out your chilli stash just yet, according to Batt.

    The nutritionist explained that moderate consumption of the spicy ingredient has neutral effects on cognition.

    What’s more, he even suggested that consuming between one to 20 grams a day might offer some benefits.

    Batt said: “It is very likely that the dose makes the poison. A little is protective, too much destructive.

    “The right amount of TRPV1 activation and calcium release from capsaicin is actually responsible for a lot of very beneficial effects (but as we know from above too much could lead to cell death-excitotoxicity).

    “There is good reason to believe that capsaicin is good for cognitive health (in the right doses).”

    The reason why it’s so difficult to draw a conclusion on the spicy food comes down to the type of research looking at chillies and dementia.

    Dr Louise Durrant, Nutrition Communications Manager, British Nutrition Foundation, said: “The scientific research looking at potential associations between chilli intake and cognitive decline has its limitations.

    “It is mostly based on observational data which cannot tell us whether a specific food is the direct cause of a health outcome such as cognitive decline, and also provides no clear indication of the mechanisms behind how chilli consumption could be linked to cognitive function.

    “The evidence available to date does not indicate a need to change our average consumption of chilli for the sake of our cognitive health.”

    However, if you want to play it extra safe, you could follow Batt’s advice of sticking to a dose between one and 20 grams of chilli per day.

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  • 2 часа, 39 минут назад 25.09.2022Health Care
    Popular non-alcoholic drink in UK could ‘kickstart’ formation of blood clots warns doctor

    Blood clots are healthy and lifesaving when they have the purpose of stopping bleeding and healing cuts. However, they can also form when they are not needed – this type can cause a heart attack, stroke or other serious medical problems. According to Doctor Liakas, Medical Director at Vie Aesthetics, energy drink consumption is implicated in the formation of the latter type.

    As the doc explained, poor dietary decisions can encourage the onset of blood clotting and energy drinks are one of the culprits.

    “Energy drink consumption interestingly is linked to kickstarting the mechanisms which lead to the formation of blood clots,” he warned.

    Research has noted that intake of the popular beverage has been implicated in a host of cardiovascular complications, he said.

    “These can include cardiac arrhythmias and myocardial infarction.”

    Worryingly, one study, published in the Journal of Surgical Research, found the risk of clotting from energy drink consumption can occur within one hour of intake.

    For the study, researchers recruited thirty-two healthy volunteers aged 18-40 years.

    They were given a 16 oz of bottled water or a standardised, sugar-free energy drink on two separate occasions, one week apart.

    Beverages were consumed after an overnight fast for a 30-minute period.

    Coagulation (clotting) parameters and platelet function were measured before and 60 minutes after consumption.

    Platelets are tiny blood cells. If your platelet count is too high, blood clots can form in your blood vessels.

    No statistically significant differences in coagulation were detected.

    However, compared to water controls, energy drink consumption resulted in a significant increase in platelet aggregation.

    The researchers concluded: “Although larger clinical studies are needed to further address the safety and health concerns of these drinks, the increased platelet response may provide a mechanism by which energy drinks increase the risk of adverse cardiovascular events.”

    What’s more, findings presented at the American Heart Association’s (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2018 found a cohort of young, healthy participants had poorer artery flow-mediated dilation after consuming energy drinks than they had before consuming energy drinks.

    Artery flow-mediated dilation indicates blood vessel health.

    The researchers in that study expressed a degree of uncertainty over the findings, suggesting more research is needed to determine whether energy drinks are safe to consume.

    They said: “As energy drinks are becoming more and more popular, it is important to study the effects of these drinks on those who frequently drink them and better determine what, if any, is a safe consumption pattern.”

    The finding is nonethless concerning given the popularity of energy drinks in the UK.

    Data crunched by Statista shows that In 2021, a combined 906 million liters of sports and energy drinks were consumed in the United Kingdom. The combined consumption has steadily increased from 2013 to 2019.

    Although blood clots inside the body are bad for your health, clotting can also be an essential part of the healing process.

    People with certain medical conditions or nutrient deficiencies may need help to support their blood’s ability to coagulate, explained Doctor Liakas.

    According to the doc, foods that aid with blood clots include animal products, seafood, vegetables, and herbs.

    “Vitamin K helps maintain the health of your bones and blood. It can promote the body’s ability to clot blood,” explains the doc.

    “It is also considered to be one of the vital nutrients for people who have bleeding disorders.”

    You can obtain vitamin K from a variety of sources including:

    Iron is another mineral that’s always touted for its health benefits, added Doctor Liakas.

    Best sources include seafood, nuts and lentils.

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  • 2 часа, 39 минут назад 25.09.2022Health Care
    Eczema: The best ways to manage the condition this winter

    Dr Perry started off our discussion by talking about just how many people eczema impacts every year. He said: “Eczema is a very common skin condition that affects 10% to 20% percent of children and 1% to 3% percent of adults. About 60% of children with eczema will get it before age 1, and at least 80% will develop it before age 5.

    “Most people will outgrow eczema during childhood, however it has been estimated that up to 15 million people in the UK could be living with eczema. Information shows that in 2015, GPs in England wrote about 27 million prescriptions for the topical agents used in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (eczema).”

    Eczema then is a major contributor to GP prescriptions, and not just because of its prevalence. The disease in question can come in a range of types and not all medicines work for all people.

    Despite this, many find that their eczema improves during the summer months, with the opposite occurring as the mercury begins to drop.

    Dr Perry agreed, adding: “Many individuals suffering with eczema and psoriasis find the winter months are when their skin tends to flare up the most.

    “It can be hard to handle, especially in children with many over the counter products having little or no effect. The combination of dry air, central heating, decreased sunlight exposure, and colder temperatures can all contribute to eczema flare ups.”

    Concerning advice for managing the condition, he said: “My advice is to apply moisturiser liberally and use frequently throughout the day. A home humidifier may help alleviate some of the symptoms.

    “Wear soft layers to avoid irritating the skin and keep hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Choose soothing baths over hot showers as long showers in hot water remove moisture from your skin, better to shower in warm water just long enough to soap up and rinse off. Soaking in Epsom salts, or dead Sea salts in a warm bath for around 15 minutes to slough off scales, soothe itching, and unwind. Apply moisturizing cream or lotion right after to lock the water in.”

    Yes, Dr Perry added that a person with eczema should: “Try and exercise when the weather is ok to get some vitamin D. Also getting coughs and colds often makes conditions such as eczema and psoriasis worse due to the stress if puts on the body so try and avoid where possible.”

    It’s not just physiological stress that can have an impact on eczema, psychological stress can act as a trigger for the condition.

    “Eczema is worse in winter as cold weather tends to make the skin drier and more reactive to the inflammatory process,” says Dr Perry.

    He added: “Eczema suffers tend to find their flare-ups get worse in the winter as our bodies are more stressed in winter cold conditions and as psoriasis and eczema is helped by sunlight this has an impact on the skin.”

    Overall, it can be relatively easy to manage the symptoms of the condition added Perry: “The best options are to increase the moisturiser frequency of application and maybe even go for a thicker moisturiser such as Aveeno or Oilatum.

    “Unfortunately, central heating plays havoc with those suffering from eczema and psoriasis because It has a dehydrating effect on the skin so inflammatory dry skin conditions can be exacerbated by it.”

    The main symptoms of eczema are that they cause areas of the skin to become itchy, dry, cracked, and sore.

    The NHS say: “There are usually periods where the symptoms improve, followed by periods where they get worse (flare-ups). Flare-ups may occur as often as 2 or 3 times a month.”

    Yes, like other conditions the condition can get worse. Eczema can sometimes become infected. Signs of an infection include:• The eczema getting a lot worse• Fluid oozing from the skin• A yellow crust on the skin surface or small yellowish-white spots appearing in the eczema• The skin becoming swollen and sore• Feeling hot and shivery and generally feeling unwell.

    Eczema can be caused by a range of factors including:

    • Irritants such as some soaps and detergents• Environmental factors• Food allergies• Certain materials worn next to the skin• Hormonal changes• Skin infections.

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  • 2 часа, 39 минут назад 25.09.2022Health Care
    Atrial fibrillation: Two music genres linked to ‘potentially dangerous’ heart arrhythmias

    Despite being a widely overlooked component of the cardiovascular system, heart rate is critical for the functioning of the heart. Because the organ delivers oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body, any interference with its pumping can have serious consequences. Some researchers suggest music may affect changes in heart rate variability, by inducing or reducing anxiety in patients.

    Doctor Ayyaz Sultan, consultant Cardiologist at Pall Mall Medical explained: “A heart arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat, which means your heart is out of its usual rhythm occasionally or permanently.”

    The triggers for the condition are wide-ranging, but generally, they encompass viral illness, alcohol, tobacco and changes in posture.

    In most cases, abnormal heart rhythms are a side effect of other heart disease markers like high blood pressure.

    External factors like music, however, have also been explored for their detrimental and beneficial effects on heart rhythm.

    Although the condition is widely considered harmless, it can cause discomfort great enough to require treatment in some people.

    “Early symptoms or signs that you might be experiencing an arrhythmia can include a feeling that your heart has skipped or missed a beat, or you have taken a deep breath, feel butterflies in your chest or experience fluttering,” explained Doctor Sultan.

    “The condition can be deadly when signs are ignored and untreated. Without the right treatment, an uneven heart rhythm could lead to serious problems such as heart failure, stroke or cardiac arrest.”

    This is partly because patients who leave the condition unmanaged may substantially increase their risk of blood clots.

    When the upper chambers of the heart do not pump efficiently, there is a risk of blood clots moving into the lower chambers of the organ.

    The clots may subsequently get pumped into the blood supply to the lungs, and the general blood circulation which could result in a stroke.

    In fact, studies suggest atrial fibrillation is associated with a five-fold increased risk of ischaemic stroke, stroke recurrence and mortality.

    “The most important point to make is that a heart arrhythmia can be serious, but equally it can also be a ‘one-off’ and nothing to worry about,” noted Doctor Sultan.

    “If you recognise the signs, you should get medical advice straight away to determine whether further treatment is required.”

    Many cases of heart arrhythmias can’t be prevented, but controlling the risk factors can prevent complications.

    According to the British Heart Foundation, risk factors include:

    Certain substances, like alcohol, caffeine and cough medications, can also contribute to an irregular heartbeat, and may best be avoided in some cases.

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  • 2 часа, 39 минут назад 25.09.2022Health Care
    Hypothyroidism: Subtle changes in your face could be hinting at an under-active thyroid

    Hypothyroidism describes the underproduction of hormones by the thyroid gland, which sits at the front of the neck, above the collarbones. Because it shares several symptoms with other conditions, it can easily be confused for something else. Subtle changes in facial expressions, however, should never be ignored.

    The MSD Manuals explains: “Hypothyroidism is under activity of the thyroid gland that leads to inadequate production of thyroid hormones and a slowing of vital body functions.

    “Facial expressions become dull, the voice is hoarse, speech is slow, eyelids droop and the eyes and face become puffy.”

    Hormone fluctuations caused by the condition may lead to several other changes in facial expression, due to droopy eyelids or having a puffy and swollen face, which are both symptomatic of low thyroid levels.

    The absence of eyebrows is a common sign, which reflects generalised hair loss in the body.

    This is usually the result of disruptions to the production of T3 and T4 hormones, which control several bodily processes including hair growth.

    When disrupted, the development of the hair at the root is compromised, which causes hair to fall out.

    When it fails to grow back, it leads to thinning of the hair on the scalp and other areas such as the outer part of the eyebrows.

    One way to tell whether these changes could be hinting at an underactive thyroid is to look for other warning signs, like fatigue, sensitivity to the cold, depressive mood and trouble concentrating

    This can be complicated, however, because the appearance of symptoms tend to be slow.

    In fact, it can take several years before a person realises they have a medical problem.

    Health coach Rory Batt, MSc, BSc, warned: “It’s quite hard to tell that it’s hypothyroidism, in particular, that’s behind some of these symptoms until it’s confirmed with functional testing.

    “Tests available from the NHS are not very descriptive, and do not give the whole picture.”

    According to the expert, the most notable symptoms associated with the condition are fatigue, brain fog and depression. A patient may also experience:

    In countries where iodine does not commonly feature in diet, populations may be at a greater risk of developing hypothyroidism.

    Although this is rarely the case in developed countries, a lack of dietary iodine may call for the prescription of supplements.

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Health Care Cancer: The feeling after ‘drinking or eating’ suggestive of stomach cancer - initial sign